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Prophecies of Jehovah Witnesses and Other Information

The following information has been taken from the book:

Reed, D. A., Reed, D. A., Huntoon, S., & Cornell, J. (Eds.). (1990). Index of Watchtower errors, 1879 to 1989 (electronic ed.). Grand Rapids: Baker Book House.

These are excerpts only so that you get a better understanding of the cult Jehovah Witnesses. You can see more of what they believe on our page Comparative Religions.

Introduction

To Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society is God’s sole channel for communicating truth to humankind today. Persons associated with the Watch Tower Society are considered to be “in the truth”—as opposed to outsiders who are “of the world.” Just as Christians speak of being “in the Lord” by virtue of having accepted Jesus Christ as their personal Savior and Lord, in like manner Jehovah’s Witnesses speak of being “in the truth” by virtue of having accepted the Watch Tower Society as God’s “channel of communication.”

So, the very mention of error in connection with the Watch Tower is enough to throw JWs into mental turmoil. How can the organization they call “the truth” be guilty of error? How can it be so full of errors that an Index listing the Watch Tower’s major mistakes, doctrinal changes, false prophecies, frauds, and deceptions fills an entire volume? Hopefully this Index will prove such a challenge to the Jehovah’s Witnesses who come across it that they will actually use it to verify the Watch Tower quotes and references listed.

Although most outsiders are unaware of such a restriction, Jehovah’s Witnesses know well that they are forbidden to read the literature of other religious organizations. They have been told that “it would be foolhardy, as well as a waste of valuable time, for Jehovah’s Witnesses to accept and expose themselves to false religious literature that is designed to deceive” (WT, 5/1/1984, p. 31). And they have been taught that “reading apostate publications” is “similar to reading pornographic literature” (WT, 3/15/1986, p. 14). Any who violate these commandments by reading non-JW religious material face trial before a closed-door “judicial committee” with the possibility of being “disfellowshiped”—expelled from the congregation and shunned by all former associates, even family.

For this reason books refuting Watch Tower teachings are seldom read by Jehovah’s Witnesses. Only one who is already considering leaving the sect will accept the risks involved. Even then, precautions are taken. I have received letters from Witnesses who pulled such a forbidden book off the shelf at a bookstore or library, quickly read portions of it (all the while glancing furtively about lest they be observed and reported to the elders), and then replaced the book and slipped out of the building, only to return after a few days for another clandestine encounter. One JW told me how after anonymously purchasing such a book, he ripped off the cover and threw it away, keeping only the pages so that anyone who spotted him reading it could not easily identify what it was.

But the Witnesses who look up the materials cited in this Index need not worry about being caught reading forbidden books written by “apostate” ex-JWs. Rather, they will be looking deeply into the publications of their own organization. And, instead of venturing onto the foreign turf of a Christian bookstore or public library, they will be pulling books off the familiar shelves of the “Theocratic Library” in their own Kingdom Hall. So they should have no reason to fear, if they are really “in the truth.”

What if the Watch Tower publications cited reveal that the organization is a false prophet—not simply having made an occasional mistake, but having promulgated false prophecies repeatedly throughout its history? What if the prophetic dates were presented by the leaders as “God’s dates, not ours” as stated by the Watch Tower of July 15, 1894 (Reprints, p. 1677)? Then the sincere Witness must pay special attention to God’s words at Deuteronomy 18:20–22 (Watch Tower’s New World Translation):

     … the prophet who presumes to speak in my name a word that I have not commanded him to speak … that prophet must die. And in case you should say in your heart: “How shall we know the word that Jehovah has not spoken?” when the prophet speaks in the name of Jehovah and the word does not occur or come true, that is the word that Jehovah did not speak. With presumptuousness the prophet spoke it…

Rather than discuss other strange teachings here, we leave it to the reader to examine the evidence on the pages that follow. As its documented errors pile up, the organization’s claim to being “the truth” erodes. Remember, the testimony presented in this volume is not that of the Watch Tower’s critics, enemies, or accusers; on the contrary, it consists of statements by leaders and spokesmen writing in their official capacity in the organization’s books and magazines. As Jesus said, “by your words you will be condemned” (Matt. 12:37).

Prophecies

  1874

Christ’s presence and the harvest began in 1874.

      STUDIES, Vol. 2, p.239

Time chart of church history

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, p. 131

Second advent in 1874; the Lord took power in 1878.

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, p. 234

“ … a most reasonable inference … that in the spring of 1878 all the holy apostles and other ‘overcomers’ of the Gospel age who slept in Jesus were raised spirit beings.… ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, p. 234

“Our Lord, the appointed King, is now present, since October 1874, A.D.… and the formal inauguration of his kingly office dates from April 1878, A.D.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 4, p. 621

“The Laodicean period of the Church extends from the fall of 1874 to the spring of 1918, three and one-half years of preparation, and forty years of harvest.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 58

After the Second Adventist hopes were disappointed in 1874, Barbour convinced Russell that Christ actually returned invisibly in 1874.

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 54

“Fall 1874 A.D. Second Advent of the Lord”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 60

“the beginning of the Times of Restitution, A.D. 1874”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 64

Scriptures prove that the Lord’s Second Advent was in 1874.

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 68

Eighty-eight proofs that the Lord’s Second Advent occurred in the fall of 1874

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, pp. 68–71

“ … six thousand years of evil which ended in 1874.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 301

“The Millennium began in 1874, with the Return of Christ.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 386

“The second coming of the Lord therefore began in 1874.… ”

      CREATION, p. 289 early editions, p. 310 later editions

“ … the clergy would not understand these times and seasons, because they form a part of Satan’s organization.… ”

      CREATION, p. 291 early editions, p. 312 later editions

“To understand the events concerning the Lord’s second presence from 1874 to 1914 requires one to be spiritually minded; and the clergy are not spiritually minded.”

      CREATION, p. 291 early editions, p. 312 later editions

“The Scriptural proof is that the second presence of the Lord Jesus Christ began in 1874 A.D.”

      PROPHECY, p. 65

“ … the Scriptural declaration that the Millennium of peace and blessing would be introduced by forty years of trouble, beginning slightly in 1874 and increasing until social chaos should prevail in 1914.”

      WT 10/1890, p. 1243

“The date of the close of that ‘battle’ is definitely marked in Scripture as October, 1914. It is already in progress, its beginning dating from October, 1874.”

      WT 1/15/1892, p. 1355

The end of 6000 years is 1873.

      WT 7/15/1894, p. 1675

“Pastor Russell … believed and taught that we are living in the time of the second presence of our Lord, and that his presence dates from 1874.… ”

      WT 12/1/1916, p. 5998

“No one can properly understand the work of God at this time who does not realize that since 1874, the time of the Lord’s return in power, there has been a complete change in God’s operations.”

      WT 9/15/1922, p. 278

“The Scriptures show that the second presence [of the Lord] was due in 1874.… This proof shows that the Lord has been present since 1874.”

      WT 3/1/1923, p. 67

“Surely there is not the slightest room for doubt in the mind of a truly consecrated child of God that the Lord Jesus is present and has been since 1874.”

      WT 1/1/1924, p. 5

“From Adam’s creation to the end of 1943 A.D. is 5,971 years. We are therefore near the end of six thousand years of human history.… ”

      TRUTH … FREE, p. 152

“In the year 1943 … published the book The Truth Shall Make You Free.… This moved forward the end of six thousand years of man’s existence into the decade of the 1970’s. Naturally this did away with the year 1874 C.E. as the date of the return of the Lord Jesus Christ.… ”

      1000 YEARS, pp. 209–10

  1910

“ … this date, 1910, indicated by the Pyramid … we may well accept as correct the testimony of the Great Pyramid, that the last members of the ‘body’ or ‘bride’ of Christ will have been tested and accepted and will have passed beyond the vail before the close of A.D. 1910.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, early editions, p. 364

  1914

By 1914 the Lord will have full control. Gentile governments will be overthrown; body of Christ will be glorified; Jerusalem will no longer be trodden; Israel’s blindness will be turned away; there will be world-wide anarchy; and God’s kingdom will take the place of man’s governments.

      STUDIES, Vol. 2, early editions, pp. 76–78

“ … within the coming twenty-six years all present governments will be overthrown and dissolved.… the full establishment of the Kingdom of God, will be accomplished by the end of A.D. 1914.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 2, pp. 98–99

Above changed to “near the end of A.D. 1915” in later editions.

      STUDIES, Vol. 2, pp. 98–99

“ … the ‘battle of the great day of God Almighty’ (Rev. 16:14.), which will end in A.D. 1914 with the complete overthrow of earth’s present rulership … ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 2, early editions, p. 101

Above changed to “1915” in later editions.

      STUDIES, Vol. 2, p. 101

“the full establishment of the Kingdom of God in the earth at A.D. 1914”

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, p. 126

“And, with the end of A.D. 1914, what God calls Babylon, and what men call Christendom, will have passed away, as already shown from prophecy.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, p. 153

“That the deliverance of the saints must take place some time before 1914 is manifest.… Just how long before 1914 the last living members of the body of Christ will be glorified, we are not directly informed.” [Italics added.]

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, 1913 edition, p. 228

“That the deliverance of the saints must take place very soon after 1914 is manifest.… Just how long after 1914 the last living members of the body of Christ will be glorified, we are not directly informed.” [Italics added.]

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, 1923 edition, p. 228

“Then measuring … we find it to be 3416 inches, symbolizing 3416 years from the above date, B.C. 1542. This calculation shows A.D. 1874 as marking the beginning of the period of trouble; for 1542 years B.C. plus 1874 years A.D. equals 3416 years. Thus the Pyramid witnesses that the close of 1914 was the chronological beginning of the time of trouble.… ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, 1903 edition, p. 342

“Then measuring … we find it to be 3457 inches, symbolizing 3457 years from the above date, B.C. 1542. This calculation shows A.D. 1915 as marking the beginning of the period of trouble; for 1542 years B.C. plus 1915 years A.D. equals 3457 years. Thus the Pyramid witnesses that the close of 1914 was the chronological beginning of the time of trouble.… ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 3, 1923 edition, p. 342

“ … the great church-state systems of Europe, whose destruction began in 1914.… ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 58

“The chronology as it appears in the STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES is accurate. The year 1914 brought the end of the Times of the Gentiles, but not the end of the Harvest work.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 61

“Reexamine … Vol. 2, pages 246 and 247; change the 37 to 40, 70, to 73 and 1914 to 1918, and we believe it is correct and will be fulfilled ‘with great power and glory.’ ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 62

“No doubt Satan believed the Millennial Kingdom was due to be set up in 1915.… Be that as it may, there is evidence that the establishment of the Kingdom in Palestine will probably be in 1925, ten years later than we once calculated.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 128

Destruction of Christendom in 1914–1918

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 398

“The present great war in Europe is the beginning of the Armageddon of the Scriptures.”

      SERMONS, p. 676

“All of the Lord’s people looked forward to 1914 with joyful expectation. When that time came and passed there was much disappointment.… They were ridiculed by the clergy and their allies in particular, and pointed to with scorn, because they had said so much about 1914, and what would come to pass, and their ‘prophecies’ had not been fulfilled.”

      LIGHT, Vol. 1, p. 194

“ … the Scriptural declaration that the Millennium of peace and blessing would be introduced by forty years of trouble, beginning slightly in 1874 and increasing until social chaos should prevail in 1914.”

      WT 10/1890, p. 1243

“The date of the close of that ‘battle’ is definitely marked in Scripture as October, 1914. It is already in progress, its beginning dating from October, 1874.”

      WT 1/15/1892, p. 1355

There is no reason for changing the figures; they are God’s dates, not ours; 1914 is not the date for the beginning, but the end!

      WT 7/15/1894, p. 1677

The trouble in October 1914 is clearly marked in Scriptures; the severe trouble to start no later than 1910, with severe spasms between now and then.

      WT 9/15/1901, p. 2876

Chronological chart; 1914 begins millennial age.

      WT 6/15/1905, p. 3576

“Armageddon may begin next spring, yet it is purely speculation to attempt to say just when.”

      WT 9/1/1914, p. 5527

“We did not say positively that this would be the year.”

      WT 11/1/1914, p. 5565

“ … our eyes of understanding should discern clearly the Battle of the Great Day of God Almighty now in progress.… ”

      WT 9/1/1916, p. 5951

In 1878 the process of setting up the kingdom began. The Lord raised the sleeping saints.

      WT 6/1/1922, p. 174

“Jesus was obviously speaking about those who were old enough to witness with understanding what took place when the ‘last days’ began.… Even if we presume that youngsters 15 years of age would be perceptive enough to realize the import of what happened in 1914, it would still make the youngest of ‘this generation’ nearly 70 years old today.… Jesus said that the end of this wicked world would come before that generation passed away in death.”

      A 10/8/1968, p. 13

“Thus, when it comes to the application in our time, the ‘generation’ logically would not apply to babies born during World War I.”

      WT 10/1/1978, p. 31

“It is the generation of people who saw the catastrophic events that broke forth in connection with World War I from 1914 onward.… If you assume that 10 is the age at which an event creates a lasting impression … ”

      WT 10/15/1980, p. 31

“If Jesus used ‘generation’ in that sense and we apply it to 1914, then the babies of that generation are now 70 years old or older.… Some of them ‘will by no means pass away until all things occur.’ ”

      WT 5/15/1984, p. 5

  1918

“Reexamine … Vol. 2, pages 246 and 247; change the 37 to 40, 70 to 73 and 1914 to 1918, and we believe it is correct and will be fulfilled ‘with great power and glory.’ ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 62

“The seven days before the Deluge may represent seven years, from 1914 to 1921, in the midst of which ‘week of years’ the last members of the Messiah pass beyond the veil.… Our proposition is that the glorification of the Little Flock in the Spring of 1918 A.D. will be half way … between the close of the Gentile Times and the close of the Heavenly Way, A.D. 1921.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 64

“It seems conclusive that the hour of Nominal Zion’s travail is fixed for the Passover of 1918.… the fallen angels will invade the minds of many of the Nominal Church people … leading to their destruction at the hands of the enraged masses.… ”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 128

Complete overthrow of nominal spiritual Israel, i.e., Babylon, in 1918

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 129

“ … the destruction … of Christendom in 1914 to 1918 A.D.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 398

“It is the Day of Vengeance, which began in the world war of 1914 and which will break like a furious morning storm in 1918.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 404

“the Harvest period, from 1878 to 1918”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 422

“THE CHURCHES TO CEASE TO BE … culminating in 1918, to remove it with a stroke or plague of erroneous doctrines and deeds Divinely permitted.” [Italics added.]

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, 1917 edition, p. 484

“THE CHURCHES TO CEASE TO BE … culminating shortly, to remove it with a stroke or plague of erroneous doctrines and deeds Divinely permitted.” [Italics added.]

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, 1926 edition, p. 484

“The Battle of Armageddon, to which this war is leading … will signify the complete and everlasting overthrow of the wrong, and the permanent establishment of Messiah’s righteous kingdom.”

      WT 4/1/1915, p. 5659

“ … our eyes of understanding should discern clearly the Battle of the Great Day of God Almighty now in progress.… ”

      WT 9/1/1916, p. 5951

“ … the Great Pyramid, the measurements of which confirm the Bible teaching that 1878 marked the beginning of the harvest of the Gospel age.… the harvest would close forty years thereafter; to wit, in the spring of A.D. 1918.… we have only a few months in which to labor before the great night settles down when no man can work.”

      WT 10/1/1917, p. 6149

“What will the year 1918 bring forth?… The Christian looks for the year to bring the full consummation of the church’s hopes.”

      WT 1/1/1918, p. 6191

“That the harvest began in 1878, there is ample and convincing proof. The end of the harvest is due in the spring of 1918.”

      WT 5/1/1918, p. 6243

  1925

“No doubt Satan believed the Millennial Kingdom was due to be set up in 1915.… Be that as it may, there is evidence that the establishment of the Kingdom in Palestine will probably be in 1925, ten years later than we once calculated.”

      STUDIES, Vol. 7, p. 128

“ … we may expect 1925 to witness the return of these faithful men of Israel from the condition of death, being resurrected … ”

      MILLIONS, p. 88

“Therefore we may confidently expect that 1925 will mark the return of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the faithful prophets of old.… ”

      MILLIONS, pp. 89–90

“ … 1925 shall mark the resurrection of the faithful worthies of old.… ”

      MILLIONS, p. 97

After 1925 expect shortly Abel, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob.…

      WAY TO PARADISE, p. 224

The undertakers will decorate these new rooms for the resurrected ones.

      WAY TO PARADISE, p. 228

“There will be no slip-up.… Abraham should enter upon the actual possession of his promised inheritance in the year 1925 A.D.”

      WT 10/15/1917, p. 6157

It is the message of the hour, that must go to all Christendom: “Millions now living will never die.”

      WT 10/15/1920, p. 310

“This chronology is not of man but of God … of divine origin … absolutely and unqualifiedly correct.”

      WT 7/15/1922, p. 217

“1914 ended the Gentile Times.… The date 1925 is even more distinctly indicated by the Scriptures.… by then the great crisis will be reached and probably passed.”

      WT 9/1/1922, p. 262

“1925 is definitely settled by the Scriptures.… the Christian has much more upon which to base his faith than Noah had (so far as the Scriptures reveal) upon which to base his faith in a coming deluge.”

      WT 4/1/1923, p. 106

“The year 1925 is a date definitely and clearly marked in the Scriptures, even more clearly than that of 1914.”

      WT 7/15/1924, p. 211

“The year 1925 is here. With great expectation Christians have looked forward to this year. Many have confidently expected that all members of the body of Christ will be changed to heavenly glory during the year. This may be accomplished. It may not be,”

      WT 1/1/1925, p. 3

“It is to be expected that Satan will try to inject into the minds of the consecrated the thought that 1925 should see an end of the work, and that therefore it would be needless for them to do more.”

      WT 9/1/1925, p. 262

Some anticipated the work would end in 1925. The Lord did not so state.

      WT 8/1/1926, p. 232

“The year 1925 came and went. Jesus’ anointed followers were still on earth as a class. The faithful men of old times—Abraham, David and others—had not been resurrected to become princes in the earth. (Ps. 45:16) So, as Anna MacDonald recalls: ‘1925 was a sad year for many brothers. Some of them were stumbled; their hopes were dashed.… Instead of its being considered a “probability,” they read into it that it was a “certainty,” and some prepared for their own loved ones with expectancy of their resurrection.’ ”

      1975 YEARBOOK, p. 146

“ … Brother Rutherford … May 1–3, 1926 … ‘It was stated in the “Millions” book that we might reasonably expect them to return shortly after 1925, but this was merely an expressed opinion.’ A mistake had been made but, as Brother Rutherford stated, this was no reason to stop serving the Lord.”

      1980 YEARBOOK, p. 62

  World War II

The Nazis will destroy the British.

      FIFTH COLUMN, p. 15

“ … those faithful men of old may be expected back from the dead any day now.… In this expectation the house at San Diego, California, which house has been much publicized with malicious intent by the religious enemy, was built, in 1930, and named ‘Beth-Sarim’, meaning ‘House of the Princes’. It is now held in trust for the occupancy of those princes on their return.”

      NEW WORLD, p. 104

“ … Job is due to be resurrected shortly with those faithful men and to appear on earth with them.”

      NEW WORLD, p. 130

The new book titled Children will prove useful “in the remaining months before Armageddon.… ”

      WT 9/15/1941, p. 288

The end of Nazi-Fascist hierarchy will come and will mark the end forever of demon rule.

      WT 12/15/1941, p. 377

  1975

The end of 6000 years s 1873.

      WT 7/15/1894, p. 1675

Man’s creation was 4026 B.C.E.; 6000 years from man’s creation will end in 1975; the 7th period of 1000 years will begin in the fall of 1975.

      LIFE EVERLAST, pp. 29–30

In order for the Lord Jesus Christ to be “Lord even of the sabbath day,” his thousand-year reign would have to be the seventh in a series of thousand-year periods or millenniums.

      APPROACHING, p. 26

Adam at age 130 had a son, Seth.

      AID, p. 333

Eve at age 130 had a son, Seth.

      AID, p. 538

“In what year, then, would the first 6,000 years of man’s existence and also the first 6,000 years of God’s rest day come to an end? The year 1975.”

      A 10/8/1966, p. 19

“Also, as reported back in 1960 … Dean Acheson declared that our time is ‘a period of unequaled instability, unequaled violence.’ And he warned, ‘I know enough of what is going on to assure you that, in fifteen years from today, this world is going to be to dangerous to live in.’ ”

      TRUTH, editions after 1975, p. 9

“Also, as reported back in 1960 … Dean Acheson declared that our time is ‘a period of unequaled instability, unequaled violence.’ Based on what he knew was then going on in the world, it was his conclusion that soon ‘this world is going to be too dangerous to live in.’ ”

      TRUTH, editions after 1975, p. 9

“ … there are only about ninety months left before 6,000 years of man’s existence on earth is completed.… The majority of people living today will probably be alive when Armageddon breaks out.… ”

      KINGDOM MIN. 3/1968, p. 4

“Hence, the first six thousand years since man’s creation could be likened to the first six days of the week in ancient Israel. The seventh one-thousand-year period could be likened to the seventh day, the sabbath, of that week.—2 Peter 3:8 How fitting it would be for God, following this pattern, to end man’s misery after six thousand years of human rule and follow it with His glorious Kingdom rule for a thousand years!”

      A 10/8/1968, p. 14

“Does this mean that the above evidence positively points to 1975 as the time for the complete end of this system of things? Since the Bible does not specifically state this, no man can say.… If the 1970’s should see intervention by Jehovah God to bring an end to a corrupt world drifting toward ultimate disintegration, that should surely not surprise us.”

      A 10/8/1968, p. 14

heading of chronological chart: “6,000 Years of Human History Ending in 1975”

      A 10/8/1968, p. 15

“Discussion of 1975 overshadowed about everything else. ‘The new book compels us to realize that Armageddon is, in fact, very close indeed,’ said a conventioner.”

      WT 10/15/1966, p. 629

“ … 1975 marks the end of 6,000 years of human experience.… Will it be the time when God executes the wicked?… It very well could be, but we will have to wait to see.”

      WT 5/1/1967, p. 262

“ … it is logical he would create Eve soon after Adam, perhaps just a few weeks or months later in the same year, 4026 B.C.E.”

      WT 5/1/1968, p. 271

title of article: “Why Are You Looking Forward to 1975?”

      WT 8/15/1968, p. 494

“Are we to assume from this study that the battle of Armageddon will be all over by the autumn of 1975, and the long-looked-for thousand-year reign of Christ will begin by then? Possible.… It may involve only a difference of weeks or months, not years.”

      WT 8/15/1968, p. 499

Do not pursue higher education. There is very little time left! Make pioneer service, the full-time ministry with the possibility of Bethel or missionary service, your goal.

      WT 3/15/1969, p. 171

Since there is such a short time left, study no longer than six months with a prospective convert.

      WT 5/15/1969, p. 312

“Would there be another creative ‘day,’ a seventh ‘day,’ at the close of the ‘morning’ of which the whole earth would be populated with a human family and be a global Paradise? ‘Evening’ of seventh creative ‘day’ begins, 4026 B.C.E.”

      ETERNAL PURP., p. 51

“ ‘Morning’ of seventh creative ‘day’ begins, 526 B.C.E. The first half or ‘evening’ period of God’s seventh creative ‘day’ was now closing, 3,500 years from creation of Adam and Eve.”

      ETERNAL PURP., p. 131

“Reports are heard of brothers selling their homes and property and planning to finish out the rest of their days in this old system in the pioneer service. Certainly this is a fine way to spend the short time remaining before the wicked world’s end.”

      KINGDOM MIN. 5/1974, p. 3

“It also tells us that this millennium must be preceded immediately by the most destructive war in all human history. We can now see the political rulers … being gathered … for that War of all wars.… ”

      WT 7/1/1974, p. 397

“The publications of Jehovah’s Witnesses have shown that, according to Bible chronology, it appears that 6,000 years of man’s existence will be completed in the mid–1970’s. But these publications have never said that the world’s end would come then. Nevertheless, there has been considerable individual speculation on the matter.”

      WT 10/15/1974, p. 635

A great crowd of people are confident that great destruction is imminent, which has been a major factor in their decision not to have children.

      A 11/8/1974, p. 11

“Does this mean that Babylon the Great will go down by 1975? Will Armageddon be over, with Satan bound, by then? ‘It could,’ acknowledged F. W. Franz, the Watch Tower Society’s vice-president … ‘But we are not saying.’ ”

      1975 YEARBOOK, p. 256

6000 years of human history will end in September, but there is a short time interval between Adam’s creation and that of Eve.

      WT 5/1/1975, p. 285

“ … the Bible record shows … a time lapse between the creation of Adam and that of his wife, Eve.… Whether that period amounted to weeks or months or years, we do not know. So we do not know exactly when Jehovah’s great ‘rest day’ began, nor do we know exactly when it will end. The same applies to the beginning of Christ’s millennial reign.”

      WT 10/1/1975, p. 579

The time of Adam’s creation can be determined, but the beginning of God’s rest day cannot because there was a time lapse of unspecified length between Adam’s creation and the creation of Eve.

      WT 1/1/1976, p. 30

“But it is not advisable for us to set our sights on a certain date.… If anyone has been disappointed through not following this line of thought, he should now concentrate on adjusting his viewpoint, seeing that it was not the word of God that failed or deceived him and brought disappointment, but that his own understanding was based on wrong premises.”

      WT 7/15/1976, p. 441

“Considerable expectation was aroused regarding the year 1975.… Statements published that implied that such realization of hopes by that year was more of a probability than a mere possibility. It is to be regretted … the publication of the information that contributed to the buildup of hopes centered on that date.”

      WT 3/15/1980, p. 17

  “This Generation”

“Jesus was obviously speaking about those who were old enough to witness with understanding what took place when the ‘last days’ began.… Even if we presume that youngsters 15 years of age would be perceptive enough to realize the import of what happened in 1914, it would still make the youngest of ‘this generation’ nearly 70 years old today.… Jesus said that the end of this wicked world would come before that generation passed away in death.”

      A 10/8/1968, p. 13

“ … the generation alive in 1914, some will see the major fulfillment of Christ Jesus’ prophecy and the destruction.… ”

      A 10/8/1973, p. 19

“Thus, when it comes to the application in our time, the ‘generation’ logically would not apply to babies born during World War I.”

      WT 10/1/1978, p. 31

“It is the generation of people who saw the catastrophic events that broke forth in connection with World War I from 1914 onward.… If you assume that 10 is the age at which an event creates a lasting impression.… ”

      WT 10/15/1980. P.31

“If Jesus used ‘generation’ in that sense and we apply it to 1914, then the babies of that generation are now 70 years old or older.… Some of them ‘will by no means pass away until all things occur.’ ”

      WT 5/15/1984, p. 5

“Before the 1914 generation completely dies out, God’s judgment must be executed.”

      WT 5/1/1985, p. 4

Awake! magazine discontinues statements in masthead about the generation that saw 1914.

      A 3/8/1987, p. 4

Awake! magazine resumes statements in masthead about the generation that saw 1914.

      A 3/8/1988, p. 4

“The Hebrews … reckon seventy-five years as one generation.… ”

      A 4/8/1988, p. 14

“Most of the generation of 1914 has passed away. However, there are still millions on earth who were born in that year or prior to it.… Jesus’ words will come true, ‘this generation will not pass away until all these things have happened.’ ”

      A 4/8/1988, p. 14

“He [the apostle Paul] was also laying a foundation for a work that would be completed in our 20th century.”

      WT 1/1/1989, original magazine, p. 12

“He [the apostle Paul] was also laying a foundation for a work that would be completed in our day.”

      WT 1/1/1989, bound volume, p. 12

“Watch Tower” or “Watchtower”?

“Watch Tower” or “Watchtower”—which is it? The answer is both. Jehovah’s Witnesses are governed by a collection of legal corporations, some of which feature the name “Watch Tower” as two words and some of which spell it as one word. Moreover, the sect’s principal magazine has used both spellings over the years.

In 1879 Charles Taze Russell began publishing Zion’s Watch Tower and Herald of Christ’s Presence. In 1909 he changed its name to The Watch Tower and Herald of Christ’s Presence. Russell’s successors changed the magazine’s title to: in 1931, The Watchtower and Herald of Christ’s Presence; on January 1, 1939, The Watchtower and Herald of Christ’s Kingdom; on March 1, 1939, The Watchtower Announcing Jehovah’s Kingdom, the title as of this writing.

In 1884 Russell incorporated the Zion’s Watch Tower Tract Society, which has since been renamed and continues to function today as the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvannia, the “parent” corporation of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

In 1909 Russell set up operations in Brooklyn, New York, and formed the People’s Pulpit Association as his legal arm there. This corporation was renamed Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, Inc. in 1939, and then in 1956 Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, of New York, Inc., its present name.

A British corporation was also established in 1914 under the name International Bible Students Association. Since then, corporate bodies have also been established in other lands. The primary purpose for the multiple corporations has been to meet the requirements for owning real estate under the various legal jurisdictions where the sect operates.

Although Jehovah’s Witnesses worldwide are governed from offices in Brooklyn, New York, the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania remains as the official parent corporation with ultimate financial and decision-making responsibility. There is no conflict, however, because the same leaders set as officers and board members of the different corporations.