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THE BAPTIST CATECHISM: OR A BRIEF INSTRUCTION IN THE PRINCIPLES OF CHRISTIAN RELIGION.

{This information is taken from the AGES Electronic Library and placed here for educational and edification purposes only}
 

Agreeable to the Confession of Faith, put forth by the ELDERS and BRETHREN

of many Congregations of Christians (baptized upon Profession of their Faith)

in London and the country; owning them Doctrine of Personal ELECTION and

Final PERSEVERANCE.
 

<050606>Deuteronomy 6:6, 7. And these words which I command thee this

shall its thine heart. And thou shalt teach them diligently unto My

Children, and shalt talk of than when thou sittest in thine House, &c.
 

THE SIXTEENTH EDITION, CORRECTED.

LONDON:
 

Printed for, and sold by Joseph Marshall,

at the Bible in Newgate-Street.

Price Stitch’d 2d.
 

TO THE READER.

HAVING a desire to show our near agreement with many other Christians, of

whom we have great esteem; we some years since put forth a Confession of

our Faith, almost in all points the same with that of the Assembly and Savoy,

which was subscribed by the elders and messengers of many churches baptized

on profession of their faith; and do now put forth a short account of Christian

principles for the instruction of our families, in most things agreeing with the

Shorter Catechism of the Assembly. And this we were the rather induced to,

because we have commonly made use of that catechism in our families, and

the difference being not much, it will be more easily committed to memory.

The Confession of Faith, by the Elders and Brethren of many congregations of

Christians, baptized upon Profession of their Faith, in London and the Country;

the 11th Edition, with almost forty ministers and messengers’ names prefixed

to it, concerned for upwards of one hundred congregations in Great Britain,

denying Arminianism, and owning the doctrine of Personal Election and final

Perseverance. Also, a Catechism agreeable to this Confession of Faith,

necessary for the instruction of youth in the fundamentals of religion. It is

desired that all persons desirous to promote such useful books, do apply

themselves to Joseph Marshall, at the Bible in Newgate Street; where likewise

is sold all sorts of short hand books.

A BRIEF INSTRUCTION IN THE PRINCIPLES OF

CHRISTIAN RELIGION, ETC.
 

Q. 1. Who is the first and chiefest being?

A. God is the first and chiefest being (<234406>Isaiah 44:6; 48:12; <199709>Psalm 97:9).
 

Q. 2. Ought every one to believe there is a God?

A. Every one ought to believe there is a God (<581106>Hebrews 11:6); and it is their

great sin and folly who do not (<191401>Psalm 14:1).
 

Q. 3. How may we know there is a God?

A. The light of nature in man and the works of God plainly declare there is a

God (<450119>Romans 1:19, 20; <191901>Psalm 19:1, 2, 3; <441724>Acts 17:24); but his word

and Spirit only do it fully and effectually for the salvation of sinners (<460210>1

Corinthians 2:10; <550315>2 Timothy 3:15, 16).
 

Q. 4. What is the word of God?

A. The holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of God,

and the only certain rule of faith and obedience (<550316>2 Timothy 3:16;

<490220>Ephesians 2:20).
 

Q. 5. May all men make use of the holy scriptures?

A. All men are not only permitted, but commanded and exhorted to read, hear,

and understand the holy scriptures (<430538>John 5:38; <661718>Revelation 17:18, 19;

1:3; <440830>Acts 8:30).
 

Q. 6. What things are chiefly contained in the holy scriptures?

A. The holy scriptures chiefly contain what man ought to believe concerning

God, and what duty God requires of man (<550113>2 Timothy 1:13; 3:15, 16).
 

Q. 7. What is God?

A, God is a Spirit (<430424>John 4:24), infinite (<181107>Job 11:7, 8, 9), eternal

(<19B002>Psalm 110:2), and unchangeable (<590117>James 1:17) in his being (<020314>Exodus

3:14), wisdom (<19E705>Psalm 147:5), power (<660408>Revelation 4:8), holiness

(<661504>Revelation 15:4), justice, goodness, and truth (<023406>Exodus 34:6).
 

Q. 8. Are there more gods than one?

A. There is but one only, the living and true God (<050604>Deuteronomy 6:4, 7;

<241010>Jeremiah 10:10).
 

Q. 9. How many persons are there in the Godhead?

A. There are three persons in the Godhead, the Father, the Son, and the Holy

Spirit; and these three are one God, the same in essence, equal in power and

glory (<620507>1 John 5:7; <402819>Matthew 28:19).
 

Q. 10. What are the decrees of God?

A. The decrees of God are his eternal purpose according to the counsel of his

will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to

pass (<490104>Ephesians 1:4, 11; <450922>Romans 9:22, 23).
 

Q. 11. How doth God execute his decrees?

A. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence.
 

Q. 12. What is the work of creation?

A. The work of creation is God’s making all things of nothing, by the word of

his power, in the space of six days, and all very good (Genesis 1 throughout;

<581113>Hebrews 11:13).
 

Q. 13. How did God create man?

A. God created man, male and female, after his own image, in knowledge,

righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures (<010126>Genesis

1:26, 27, 28; <510310>Colossians 3:10; <490424>Ephesians 4:24).
 

Q. 14. What are God’s works of providence?

A. God’s works of providence are his most holy (<19E517>Psalm 145:17; 104:24),

wise (<232829>Isaiah 28:29), and powerful pre-serving (<580103>Hebrews 1:3), and

governing all his creatures, and all their actions (<19A319>Psalm 103:19;

<401029>Matthew 10:29, 30, 31).
 

Q. 15. What special act of providence did God exercise towards man in

the estate wherein he was created?

A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him

upon condition of perfect obedience: forbidding him to eat of the tree of the

knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death (<480312>Galatians 3:12;

<010217>Genesis 2:17).
 

Q. 16. Did our first parents continue in the state wherein they were

created?

A. Our first parents being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the

estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God (<010306>Genesis 3:6, 7, 8,

13; <210729>Ecclesiastes 7:29).
 

Q. 17. What is sin?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God

(<620304>1 John 3:4).
 

Q. 18. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate

wherein they were created?

A. The sin whereby our parents fell from the estate wherein they were created,

was their eating the forbidden fruit (<010316>Genesis 3:16, 12).
 

Q. 19. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?

A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself but for his

posterity, all mankind descending from him by ordinary generation sinned in

him, and fell with him in his first transgression (<010216>Genesis 2:16, 17;

<450512>Romans 5:12; <461521>1 Corinthians 15:21, 22).
 

Q. 20. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

A. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery (<450501>Romans 5:1,

2).
 

Q. 21. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of

Adam’s first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his

whole nature, which is commonly called original sin; together with all actual

transgressions which proceed from it (<450512>Romans 5:12, to the end;

<490201>Ephesians 2:1, 2, 3; <590114>James 1:14, 1.5; <401519>Matthew 15:19).
 

Q. 22. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?

A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God (<010308>Genesis 3:8, 10,

24), are under his wrath and curse (<490202>Ephesians 2:2, 3; <480310>Galatians 3:10),

and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of

hell for ever (<250339>Lamentations 3:39; <450623>Romans 6:23; <402541>Matthew 25:41, 46).
 

Q. 23. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and

misery?

A. God having out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some

to everlasting life (<490104>Ephesians 1:4, 5), did enter into a covenant of grace, to

deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an

estate of salvation by a Redeemer (<450320>Romans 3:20-22; <480321>Galatians 3:21,

22).
 

Q. 24. Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?

A. The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ (<540205>1 Timothy

2:5, 6); who, being the eternal Son of God, became man (<430114>John 1:14;

<480404>Galatians 4:4), and so was and continueth to be God and man in two

distinct natures, and one person for ever (<450905>Romans 9:5; <420135>Luke 1:35;

<510209>Colossians 2:9; <580724>Hebrews 7:24, 25).
 

Q. 25. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?

A. Christ the Son of God became man by taking to him-self a true body

(<580214>Hebrews 2:14, 16; 10:5), and a reasonable soul (<402638>Matthew 26:38); being

conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary,

and born of her (<420127>Luke 1:27, 31, 34, 35, 42; <480404>Galatians 4:4), yet without

sin (<580415>Hebrews 4:15; 7:26).
 

Q. 26. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?

A. Christ as our Redeemer executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and

of a king, both in his state of humiliation and exaltation (<440322>Acts 3:22;

<581225>Hebrews 12:25; <471303>2 Corinthians 13:3; <580505>Hebrews 5:5, 6, 7; 7:25;

<190306>Psalm 3:6; <230906>Isaiah 9:6, 7; <402105>Matthew 21:5; <190208>Psalm 2:8, 6, 10, 11).
 

Q. 27. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?

A. Christ executeth the office of prophet in revealing to us, by his word and

Spirit, the will of God for our salvation (<430118>John 1:18; <610110>2 Peter 1:10, 11, 12;

<431515>John 15:15; and 20:31).
 

Q. 28. How doth Christ execute the office of a priest?

A. Christ executeth the office of a priest in his once offering up himself a

sacrifice to satisfy divine justice (<580914>Hebrews 9:14, 28), and reconcile us to

God (<580217>Hebrews 2:17), and in making continual intercession for us

(<580602>Hebrews 6:24, 25).
 

Q. 29. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?

A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself (<441514>Acts

15:14, 15, 16), in ruling (<233322>Isaiah 33:22), and defending us (<233201>Isaiah 32:1,

2), and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies (<461502>1 Corinthians

15:2.5; Psalm 110. throughout).
 

Q. 30. Wherein did Christ’s humiliation consist?

A. Christ’s humiliation consists in his being born, and that in a low condition

(<420207>Luke 2:7); made under the law (<480404>Galatians 4:4), undergoing the

miseries of this life (<581202>Hebrews 12:2, 3; <235302>Isaiah 53:2, 3), the wrath of God

(<422244>Luke 22:44; <402746>Matthew 27:46), and the cursed death of the cross

(<502308>Philippians 2:8); in being buried (<461504>1 Corinthians 15:4), and continuing

under the power of death for a time (<440224>Acts 2:24, 25, 26, 27, 31; <401240>Matthew

12:40).
 

Q. 31. Wherein consistent Christ’s exaltation?

A. Christ’s exaltation consieteth in his riding again from the dead on the third

day (<461504>1 Corinthians 15:4), in ascending up into heaven (<411619>Mark 16:19), in

sitting at the right hand of God the Father (<490120>Ephesians 1:20), and in coming

to judge the world at the last day (<440111>Acts 1:11; and 17:31).
 

Q. 32. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by

Christ?

A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the

effectual application of it to us (<430111>John 1:11, 12) by his Holy Spirit (<560305>Titus

3:5, 6).
 

Q. 33. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by

Christ?

A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working

faith in us (<490113>Ephesians 1:13, 14; <430637>John 6:37, 39; <490208>Ephesians 2:8), and

thereby uniting us to Christ, in our effectual calling (<490317>Ephesians 3:17; <460109>1

Corinthians 1:9).
 

Q. 34. What is effectual calling?

A. Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit (<550109>2 Timothy 1:9; <530213>2

Thessalonians 2:13, 14), whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery

(<440237>Acts 2:37), enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ (<440218>Acts

2:18), and renewing our wills (<263626>Ezekiel 36:26, 27), he doth persuade and

enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel (<430644>John

6:44, 45; <503813>Philippians 2:13).
 

Q. 35. What benefits do they that are effectually called partake of in this

life?

A. They that are effectually called do in this life partake of justification

(<450830>Romans 8:30), adoption (<490105>Ephesians 1:5), sanctification, and the several

benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from them (<460130>1

Corinthians 1:30).
 

Q. 36. What is justification?

A. Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein he pardoned( all our sins

(<450302>Romans 3:2.1, 25; and 4:7, 8), and accepteth us as righteous in his sight

(<470519>2 Corinthians 5:19, 21), only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us

(<450517>Romans 5:17-19), and received by faith alone (<480218>Galatians 2:18;

<500309>Philippians 3:9).
 

Q. 37. What is adoption?

A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace (<620301>1 John 3:1), whereby we are

received into the number and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of

God (<430112>John 1:12; <450814>Romans 8:14).
 

Q. 38. What is sanctification?

A. Sanctification is the work of God’s free grace (<530213>2 Thessalonians 2:13),

whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God

(<490423>Ephesians 4:23, 24), and are enabled more and more to die unto ‘sin, and

live unto righteousness (<450604>Romans 6:4, 6).
 

Q. 39. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from

justification, adoption, and sanctification?

A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification,

adoption, and sanctification, are assurance of God’s love, peace of conscience

(<450501>Romans 5:1, 2, 5), joy in the Holy Spirit (<450505>Romans 5:5, 17), increase of

grace (<200418>Proverbs 4:18), and perseverance therein to the end (<620513>1 John 5:13;

<600105>1 Peter 1:5).
 

Q. 40. What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?

A. The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness

(<581223>Hebrews 12:23), and do immediately pass into glory (<470501>2 Corinthians

5:1, 6, 8; <500123>Philippians 1:23; <422343>Luke 23:43); and their bodies being still

united to Christ (<520414>1 Thessalonians 4:14), do rest in their graves (<235702>Isaiah

57:2) till the resurrection (<181926>Job 19:26, 27).
 

Q. 41. ‘What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?

A. At the resurrection believers, being raised up in glory (<461543>1 Corinthians

15:43), shall be openly acknowledged, and acquitted in the day of judgment

(<402523>Matthew 25:23; <401032>Matthew 10:32), and made perfectly blessed, both in

soul and body, in the full enjoyment of God (<620302>1 John 3:2; <461312>1 Corinthians

13:12), to all eternity (<520417>1 Thessalonians 4:17,18).
 

Q. 42. But what shall be done to the wicked at their death?

A. The souls of the wicked shall, at their death, be cast into the torments of

hell, and their bodies lie in their graves, till the resurrection and judgment of

the great day (<421623>Luke 16:23, 24; <440124>Acts 1:24; <650105>Jude 1:5, 7; <600319>1 Peter

3:19; <194914>Psalm 49:14).
 

Q. 43. What shall be done to the wicked, at the day of judgment?

A. At the day of judgment the bodies of the wicked, being raised out of their

graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments

with the devil and his angels for ever (<430528>John 5:28, 29; <402541>Matthew 25:41,

46; <530108>2 Thessalonians 1:8, 9).
 

Q. 44. What is the duty which God requireth of man?

A. The duty which God requireth of man is, obedience to his revealed will

(<330608>Micah 6:8; <091522>1 Samuel 15:22).
 

Q. 45. What did God at first reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?

A. The rule which God at first revealed to man for his obedience, was the

moral law (<450214>Romans 2:14, 15, and 10:5).
 

Q. 46. Where is the moral law summarily comprehended?

A. The moral law is summarily comprehended in the ten commandments

(<051004>Deuteronomy 10:4; <401917>Matthew 19:17).
 

Q. 47. What is the sum of the ten commandments?

A. The sum of the ten commandments is, to love the Lord our God, with all

our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind; and

our neighbour as our-selves (<402237>Matthew 22:37-40).
 

Q. 48. What is the preface to the ten commandments?

A. The preface to the ten commandments is in these words; I am the Lord thy

God which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of

bondage (<022002>Exodus 20:2).
 

Q. 49. What doth the preface to the ten commandments teach us?

A. The preface to the ten commandments teacheth us that because God is the

Lord, and our God and redeemer, therefore we are bound to keep all his

commandments (<420174>Luke 1:74, 75; <600115>1 Peter 1:15-19).
 

Q. 50. Which is the first commandment?

A. The first commandment is, Thou shalt have no other gods before me

(<022003>Exodus 20:3).
 

Q. 51. What is required in the first commandment?

A. The first commandment requireth us to know and ac-knowledge God to be

the only true God and our God (<132809>1 Chronicles 28:9; <052617>Deuteronomy

26:17), and to worship and glorify him accordingly (<400410>Matthew 4:10;

<192902>Psalm 29:2).
 

Q. 52. What is forbidden in the first commandment?

A. The first commandment forbiddeth the denying (<191401>Psalm 14:1), or not

worshipping and glorifying the true God (<450121>Romans 1:21), as God and our

God (<198110>Psalm 81:10, 11), and the giving that worship and glory to any other,

which is due unto him alone (<450125>Romans 1:25, 26).
 

Q. 53. What are we especially taught by these words before me, in the

first commandment?

A. These words before me, in the first commandment, teach us, that God, who

seeth all things, taketh notice of and is much displeased with the sin of having

any other god (<260805>Ezekiel 8:5, to the end).
 

Q. 54. Which is the second commandment?

A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven

image, or the likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the

earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; thou shalt not bow down

thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God,

visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth

generation of them that hate me; and shewing mercy unto thousands of them

that love me, and keep my commandments (<022004>Exodus 20:4, 5, 6.)
 

Q. 55. What is required in the second commandment?

A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping

pure and entire all such religious worship and ordinances, as God hath

appointed in his word (<053246>Deuteronomy 32:46; <402320>Matthew 23:20; <440242>Acts

2:42).
 

Q. 56. What is forbidden in the second commandment?

A. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by images

(<050415>Deuteronomy 4:15-19; <023205>Exodus 32:5, 8), or any other way not

appointed in his word (<051231>Deuteronomy 12:31, 32.)
 

Q. 57. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment

A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God’s sovereignty

over us (<199502>Psalm 95:2, 3, 6), his propriety in us (<194511>Psalm 45:11), and the

zeal he hath to his own worship (<023413>Exodus 34:13, 14).
 

Q. 58. Which is the third commandment?

A. The third commandment is, Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy

God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in

vain (<022007>Exodus 20:7).
 

Q. 59. What is required in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment requireth the holy and reverent use of God’s

names (<400609>Matthew 6:9; <052305>Deuteronomy 23:58), titles (<196804>Psalm 68:4),

attributes (<661503>Revelation 15:3, 4), ordinances, (<390111>Malachi 1:11, 14), word

(<19D701>Psalm 137:1, 2) and works (<183624>Job 36:24.)
 

Q. 60. What is forbidden in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning and abusing of any thing

whereby God makes himself known (<390106>Malachi 1:6, 7, 12, 2:2, 3:14.)
 

Q. 61. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that however the

breakers of this commandment may escape punishment from men, yet the Lord

our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment (<090212>1 Samuel

2:12, 17, 22, 24, 29, 3:13; <052858>Deuteronomy 28:58, 59).
 

Q. 62. Which is the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy: six

days shalt thou labour and do all thy work; but the seventh day is the sabbath

of the Lord thy God, in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy

daughter, thy man-servant nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor the

stranger that is within thy gates: for in six days the Lord made heaven and

earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day; wherefore

the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it (<022008>Exodus 20:8-11).
 

Q. 63. What is required in the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God one whole day

in seven to be a sabbath to himself (<022008>Exodus 20:8-11; <050512>Deuteronomy

5:12-14.)
 

Q. 64. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly

sabbath?

A. Before the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the

week to be the weekly sabbath (<022008>Exodus 20:8-11; <050512>Deuteronomy 5:12-

14); and the first day of the week ever since, to continue to the end of the

world, which is the Christian sabbath (<19B824>Psalm 118:24; <402801>Matthew 28:1;

<410227>Mark 2:27, 28, 19:20, 21, 26; <660110>Revelation 1:10, 16:2; <422401>Luke 24:1, 30-

36; <432001>John 20:1; <440103>Acts 1:3, 2:1, 2, 20:7; <461601>1 Corinthians 16:1, 2).
 

Q. 65. How is the sabbath to be sanctified?

A. The sabbath is to be sanctified by a holy resting all that day (<022008>Exodus

20:8, 10), even from such worldly employments, and recreations as are lawful

on other days (<021625>Exodus 16:25-28; <161315>Nehemiah 13:15-22); and spending

the whole time in the public and private exercises of God’s worship (<420416>Luke

4:16; <442007>Acts 20:7; Psalm 92. title; <236623>Isaiah 66:23), except so much as is to

be taken up in the works of necessity and mercy (<401201>Matthew 12:1-13).
 

Q. 66. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omission or careless performance

of the duties required (<262226>Ezekiel 22:26; <300805>Amos 8:5; <390113>Malachi 1:13), and

the profaning the day by idleness (<442007>Acts 20:7, 9), or doing that which is in

itself sinful (<262338>Ezekiel 23:38), or by unnecessary thoughts, words, or works,

about worldly employments or recreations (<241724>Jeremiah 17:24-27; <235813>Isaiah

58:13).
 

Q. 67. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?

A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment, are God’s allowing us

six days of the week for our own lawful employments (<022009>Exodus 20:9), his

challenging a special propriety in a seventh, his own example, and his blessing

the sabbath day (<022011>Exodus 20:11).
 

Q. 68. Which is the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother; that thy days

may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee (<022012>Exodus

20:12).
 

Q. 69. What is required in the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commandment requireth the preserving the honour and

performing the duties belonging to every one in their several places and

relations, as superiors (<490521>Ephesians 5:21), inferiors (1 Peter 20:17), or equals

(<451210>Romans 12:10).
 

Q. 70. What is forbidden in the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commandment forbiddeth the neglect of, or doing any thing

against the honour and duty which belongeth to every one in their several

places and relations (<401504>Matthew 15:4-6; <263402>Ezekiel 34:2-4; <451308>Romans

13:8).
 

Q. 71. What is the reason annexed to the fifth commandment?

A. The reason annexed to the fifth commandment is a promise of long life and

prosperity (as far as it shall serve for God’s glory, and their own good) to all

such as keep this commandment (<050516>Deuteronomy 5:16; <490602>Ephesians 6:2, 3).
 

Q. 72. What is the sixth commandment?

A. The sixth commandment is, Thou shalt not kill (<022013>Exodus 20:13).
 
Q. 73. What is required in the sixth commandment?

A. The sixth commandment requireth all lawful endeavours to preserve our

own life (<490528>Ephesians 5:28, 29) and the life of others (<111804>1 Kings 18:4).
 

Q. 74. What is forbidden in the sixth commandment?

A. The sixth commandment absolutely forbiddeth the taking away of our own

life, or the life of our neighbour unjustly, or whatsoever tendeth thereunto

(<441628>Acts 16:28; <010909>Genesis 9:9).
 

Q. 75. Which is the seventh commandment?

A. The seventh commandment is, Thou shalt not commit adultery (<022014>Exodus

20:14).
 

Q. 76. What is required in the seventh commandment?

A. The seventh commandment requireth the preservation of our own and our

neighbour’s chastity, in heart, speech, and behaviour (<460702>1 Corinthians 7:2, 3,

5, 34, 36; <510406>Colossians 4:6; <600302>1 Peter 3:2).
 

Q. 77. What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?

A. The seventh commandment forbiddeth all unchaste thoughts, words, and

actions (<401519>Matthew 15:19, and 5:28; <490503>Ephesians 5:3, 4).
 

Q. 78. Which is the eighth commandment?

A. The eighth commandment is, Thou shalt not steal (<022015>Exodus 20:15).
 

Q. 79. What is required in the eighth commandment?

A. The eighth commandment requireth the lawful pro-curing and furthering

the wealth and outward estate of our-selves and others (<013030>Genesis 30:30;

<540508>1 Timothy 5:8; <032535>Leviticus 25:35; <052201>Deuteronomy 22:1, 2, 3, 4, 5;

<022304>Exodus 23:4, 5; <014714>Genesis 47:14, 20).
 

Q. 80. What is forbidden in the eighth commandment?

A. The eighth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever doth or may unjustly

hinder our own or our neighbour’s wealth or outward estate (<202117>Proverbs

21:17, and 23:20, 21, and 28:19; <490428>Ephesians 4:28).
 

Q. 81. Which is the ninth commandment?

A. The ninth commandment is, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy

neighbour (<021216>Exodus 12:16).
 

Q. 82. What is required in the ninth commandment?

A. The ninth commandment requireth the maintaining and promoting of truth

between man and man (<380816>Zechariah 8:16), and of our own and our

neighbour’s good name (<430512>John 5:12), especially in witness-bearing

(<201405>Proverbs 14:5, 25).
 

Q. 83. What is forbidden in the ninth commandment?

A. The ninth commandment forbiddeth whatsoever is pre-judicial to the truth,

or injurious to our own or our neighbour’s good name (<091728>1 Samuel 17:28;

<031916>Leviticus 19:16; <191505>Psalm 15:5, 3).
 

Q. 84. ‘Which is the tenth commandment?

A. The tenth commandment is, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house,

thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maidservant,

nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbour’s

(<022017>Exodus 20:17).
 

Q. 85. What is required in the tenth commandment?

A. The tenth commandment requireth full contentment with our own condition

(<581305>Hebrews 13:5; <540606>1 Timothy 6:6), with a right and charitable frame of

spirit toward our neighbour, and all that is his (<183129>Job 31:29; <451215>Romans

12:15; <540106>1 Timothy 1:6; <461304>1 Corinthians 13:4, 7).
 

Q. 86. What is forbidden in the tenth commandment?

A. The tenth commandment forbiddeth all discontentment with our own estate

(<112104>1 Kings 21:4; <170513>Esther 5:13; <461010>1 Corinthians 10:10), envying or

grieving at the good of our neighbour (<480503>Galatians 5:36; <590314>James 3:14, 16),

and all inordinate motions and affections to anything that is his (<450707>Romans

7:7, 8, and 13:9; <050521>Deuteronomy 5:21).
 

Q. 87. Is any man able perfectly to keep the commandments of God?

A. No mere man since the fall is able in this life perfectly to keep the

commandments of God (<210720>Ecclesiastes 7:20; <620108>1 John 1:8, 10; <480517>Galatians

5:17), but doth daily break them in thought, word, or deed (<010605>Genesis 6:5,

and 8:21; <450309>Romans 3:9-21; <590302>James 3:2-13).
 

Q. 88. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?

A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more

heinous in the sight of God than others (<260806>Ezekiel 8:6, 13, 15; <620516>1 John

5:16; <197817>Psalm 78:17, 32, 56).
 

Q. 89. What doth every sin deserve?

A. Every sin deserveth God’s wrath and curse, both in this life and that which

is to come (<490506>Ephesians 5:6; <480310>Galatians 3:10; <250339>Lamentations 3:39;

<402541>Matthew 25:41; <450623>Romans 6:23).
 

Q. 90. What doth God require of us that we may escape his wrath and

curse, due to us for sin?

A. To escape the wrath and curse of God due to us for sin, God requireth of us

faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto life (<442021>Acts 20:21), with the diligent use

of all the out-ward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of

redemption (<200201>Proverbs 2:1-6, and 8:33 to the end; <235502>Isaiah 55:2, 3).
 

Q. 91. What is faith in Jesus Christ?

A. Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving grace (<581039>Hebrews 10:39), whereby we

receive and rest upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the

gospel (<430112>John 1:12; <232603>Isaiah 26:3, 4; <500309>Philippians 3:9; <480216>Galatians

2:16).
 

Q. 92. What is repentance unto life?

A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace (<441128>Acts 11:28), whereby a sinner,

out of a true sense of his sin (<440237>Acts 2:37, 38), and apprehension of the mercy

of God in Christ (<290212>Joel 2:12; <240322>Jeremiah 3:22), doth, with grief and hatred

of his sin, turn from it unto God (Jereminah 31:18, 19; <263631>Ezekiel 36:31), with

full purpose of and endeavour after now obedience (<470711>2 Corinthians 7:11;

<230116>Isaiah 1:16, 17).
 

Q. 93. What are the outward means whereby Christ cornmunicateth to us

the benefits of redemption?

A. The outward and ordinary means whereby Christ communicateth to us the

benefits of redemption are his ordinances, especially the word, baptism, the

Lord’s supper, and prayer; all which means are made effectual to the elect for

salvation (<402819>Matthew 28:19, 20; <440242>Acts 2:42, 46, 47).
 

Q. 94. How is the word made effectual to salvation?

A. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the

word, an effectual means of convincing and converting sinners, and of building

them up in holiness and comfort through faith unto salvation (<160808>Nehemiah

8:8; <461424>1 Corinthians 14:24, 25; <442618>Acts 26:18; <191908>Psalm 19:8; <442032>Acts

20:32; <451504>Romans 15:4; <540315>1 Timothy 3:15, 16, 17;. <451013>Romans 10:13, 14,

15, 16, 17, and 1:16).
 

Q. 95. How is the word to be read and heard, that it may become effectual

to salvation?

A. That the word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend thereunto

with diligence (<200834>Proverbs 8:34), preparation (<600201>1 Peter 2:1, 2), and prayer

(Psalm 119: 18); receive it with faith and love (<580402>Hebrews 4:2; <530210>2

Thessalonians 2:10), lay it up in our hearts (Psalm 119: 18), and practise it in

our lives (<420815>Luke 8:15; <590125>James 1:25).
 

Q. 96. How do baptism and the Lord’s supper become effectual means of

salvation?

A. Baptism and the Lord’s supper become effectual means of salvation, not for

any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them, but only by the

blessing of Christ (<600321>1 Peter 3:21; <400311>Matthew 3:11; <460306>1 Corinthians 3:6,

7), and the working of the Spirit in those that by faith receive them (<461203>1

Corinthians 12:3; <402819>Matthew 28:19).
 

Q. 97. What is baptism?

A. Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament instituted by Jesus Christ, to

be unto the party baptized a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death,

burial, and resurrection; of his being ingrafted into him (<450603>Romans 6:3, 4, 5;

<510212>Colossians 2:12; <480327>Galatians 3:27); of remission of sins (<410104>Mark 1:4;

<440238>Acts 2:38, and 22:16); and of his giving up himself unto God through Jesus

Christ, to live and walk in newness of life (<450603>Romans 6:3, 4).
 

Q. 98. To whom is baptism to be administered?

A. Baptism is to be administered to all those who actually profess repentance

towards God, faith in and obedience to our Lord Jesus Christ, and to none

other (<410306>Mark 3:6, and 28:19; Mark 19:16; <440237>Acts 2:37, 38, and 8:36, 37,

48).
 

Q. 99. Are the infants of such as are professing believers to be baptized?

A. The infants of such as are professing believers are not to be baptized,

because there is neither command or example in the holy scriptures, or certain

consequence from them to baptize such.
 

Q. 100. How is baptism rightly administered?

A. Baptism is rightly administered by immersion, or dip-ping the whole body

of the party in water, into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the

Holy Spirit, according to Christ’s institution, and the practice of the apostles

(<400316>Matthew 3:16; <430323>John 3:23; <402819>Matthew 28:19, 20; <440838>Acts 8:38, and

10:48; <450604>Romans 6:4;. <510212>Colossians 2:12), and not by sprinkling or pouring

of water, or dipping some part of the body, after the tradition of men.
 

Q. 101. What is the duty of such who are rightly baptized?

A. It is the duty of such who are rightly baptized to give up themselves to

some particular and orderly church of Jesus Christ, that they may walk in all

the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless (<440241>Acts 2:41, 42,

and 5:13, 14, and 9:26; <600205>1 Peter 2:5; <420106>Luke 1:6).
 

Q. 102. What is the Lord’s supper?

A. The Lord’s supper is an ordinance of the New Testament, instituted by

Jesus Christ; wherein by giving and receiving bread and wine, according to his

appointment, his death is shown forth, and the worthy receivers are, not after a

corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and

blood, with all his benefits, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace

(<402626>Matthew 26:26, 27, 28; <461123>1 Corinthians 11:23, 24, 25, 26, and 10:16).
 

Q. 103. Who are the proper subjects of this ordinance?

A. They who have been baptized upon a personal profession of their faith in

Jesus Christ, and repentance from dead works (<440241>Acts 2:41, 42).
 

Q. 104. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord’s supper?

A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord’s supper, that

they examine themselves of their knowledge to discern the Lord’s body (<461128>1

Corinthians 11:28, 29), of their faith to feed upon him (<471305>2 Corinthians 13:5),

of their repentance (<461131>1 Corinthians 11:31), love (<461016>1 Corinthians 10:16,

17), and new obedience (<460507>1 Corinthians 5:7, 8), lest coming unworthily they

eat and drink judgment to themselves (<461128>1 Corinthians 11:28, 29).
 

Q. 105. What is prayer?

A. Prayer is an offering up our desires to God (<196208>Psalm 62:8), by the

assistance of the holy Spirit (<450602>Romans 6:26), for things agreeable to his will

(<620514>1 John 5:14), in the name of Christ (<431623>John 16:23), believing

(<402122>Matthew 21:22; <590106>James 1:6), with confession of our sins (<193205>Psalm

32:5, 6; <270904>Daniel 9:4), and thankful acknowledgments of his mercies

(<500406>Philippians 4:6).
 

Q. 106. What rule hath God given for our direction in prayer?

A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in prayer (<620514>1 John 5:14);

but the special rule of direction is that prayer which Christ taught his disciples,

commonly called the Lord’s prayer (<400609>Matthew 6:9, 10, 11, 12, 13, with

<421102>Luke 11:2, 3, 4).
 

Q. 107. What doth the preface of the Lord’s prayer teach us?

A. The preface of the Lord’s prayer, which is Our Father which art in heaven

(<400609>Matthew 6:9), teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and

confidence, as children to a father, able and ready to help us (<450815>Romans 8:15;

<421113>Luke 11:13); and that we should pray with and for others (<441205>Acts 12:5;

<540201>1 Timothy 2:1, 2).
 

Q. 108. What do we pray for in the first petition?

A. In the first petition, which is, Hallowed be thy name (<400609>Matthew 6:9), we

pray that God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he

maketh himself known (<196802>Psalm 68:2, 3), and that he would dispose all

things to his own glory (Psalm 83. throughout).
 

Q. 109. What do we pray for in the second petition?

A. In the second petition, which is, Thy kingdom come (<400610>Matthew 6:10), we

pray that Satan’s kingdom may be destroyed (<196801>Psalm 68:1, 18), and that the

kingdom of grace may be advanced (<661210>Revelation 12:10, 11), ourselves and

others brought into it and kept in it (<530301>2 Thessalonians 3:1; <451001>Romans 10:1;

<431719>John 17:19, 20), and that the kingdom of glory may be hastened

(<662210>Revelation 22:10).
 

Q. 110. What do we pray for in the third petition?

A. In the third petition, which is, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven

(<400610>Matthew 6:10), we pray that God by his grace would make us able and

willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things (Psalm 67.

throughout; <19B936>Psalm 119:36; <402639>Matthew 26:39; <101525>2 Samuel 15:25; <180121>Job

1:21), as the angels do in heaven (<19A320>Psalm 103:20, 21).
 

Q. 111. What do we pray for in the fourth petition?

A. In the fourth petition, which is, Give us this day our daily bread

(<400611>Matthew 6:11), we pray that of God’s free gift we may receive a

competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his blessing with

them (<203008>Proverbs 30:8; <012820>Genesis 28:20; <540404>1 Timothy 4:4, 5).
 

Q. 112. What do we pray for in the fifth petition?

A. In the fifth petition, which is, And forgive us our debts as we forgive our

debtors (<400612>Matthew 6:12), we pray that God, for Christ’s sake, would freely

pardon all our sins (<195101>Psalm 51:1, 2, 7, 9; <270917>Daniel 9:17, 18, 19); which we

are rather encouraged to ask because by his grace we are enabled from the

heart to forgive others (<421104>Luke 11:4; <401835>Matthew 18:35).
 

Q. 113. What do we pray for in the sixth petition?

A. In the sixth petition, which is, And lead us not into temptation, but deliver

us from evil (<400613>Matthew 6:13), we pray that God would either keep us from

being tempted to sin (<402631>Matthew 26:31), or support and deliver us when we

are tempted (<471208>2 Corinthians 12:8).
 

Q. 114. What doth the conclusion of the Lord’s prayer teach?

A. The conclusion of the Lord’s prayer, which is, For thine is the kingdom,

and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen (<400613>Matthew 6:13), teacheth us

to take our encouragement in prayer from God only (<270904>Daniel 9:4, 7, 8, 9, 16,

17, 18, 19), and in our prayers to praise him, ascribing kingdom, power, and

glory, to him (<132910>1 Chronicles 29:10, 11, 12, 13). And in testimony of our

desire and assurance to be heard, we say, Amen (<460416>1 Corinthians 4:16;

<662220>Revelation 22:20, 21).