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THE PHILADELPHIA BAPTIST CATECHISM
 
{This information is taken from the AGES Electronic Library and placed here for educational and edification purposes only}
 

Question 1. What is it that everyone wants out of life?

Answer: Happiness.Scripture: “And whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from them; Iwithheld not my heart from any joy.”(<210210>Ecclesiastes 2:10)

Q. 2. Where is this happiness to be found?

A. In God only.Scr. “Happy is that people whose God is the Lord.” (<19E415>Psalm 144:15)See also <201620>Proverbs 16:20; <197325>Psalm 73:25; <191611>Psalm 16:11; <183611>Job36:11.

Q. 3. Why must happiness be found in God?

A. Because God created man for His own glory.Scr. “For I have created him for My glory, I have formed him; yea, Ihave made him.” (<234307>Isaiah 43:7) See also <660411>Revelation 4:11;<451136>Romans 11:36.

Q. 4. How does this prove that happiness lies only in God?

A. Because God made man so that he can’t find happiness unless he is glorifying God.Scr. “Whether therefore you eat or drink, or whatsoever you do, do allto the glory of God.” (<461031>1 Corinthians 10:31)“Now therefore listen to Me, O ye children, for blessed are they thatkeep My ways.” (<200832>Proverbs 8:32)“For He satisfies the longing soul, and fills the hungry soul withgoodness.” (<19A709>Psalm 107:9) See also <210226>Ecclesiastes 2:26;<201923>Proverbs 19:23; <500419>Philippians 4:19.
 

CHAPTER 1

Q. 5. How do we know these things about God and about man?

A. Because they are revealed by God in His Word, the Bible.

Scr. “All scripture is God-breathed and profitable for teaching, for

reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness — so that the

man of God may be perfect, fully fitted unto all good works.” (<550316>2

Timothy 3:16, 17)
 

Q. 6. Has God only revealed Himself in the Bible?

A. No, but in nature too. Scr. “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows

His handy-work,” (<191901>Psalm 19:1) See also <450119>Romans 1:19.
 

Q. 7. Will these natural works of God give us enough knowledge for

everlasting happiness?

A. No, but they are enough to leave everyone without any excuse for sin.

Scr. “For the unseen things of Him from the creation of the world are

clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made — both His

eternal power and Godhead, in order for them to be without excuse.”

(<450120>Romans 1:20)
 

Q. 8. Then where can we find that knowledge of God which gives

everlasting happiness?

A. In His Holy Word, the Bible. Scr. “And also that from a babe you have known the Holy Scriptures,

which are able to make you wise unto salvation through faith which is

in Christ Jesus.” (<550315>2 Timothy 3:15)
 

Q. 9. How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God?

A. God the Holy Spirit is the author of the Bible, and He tells us over 2000

times that it is the Word of God.

Scr. “For prophecy was never at any time brought by the will of man,

but the holy men of God spoke, being borne along by the Holy Spirit.”

(<610121>2 Peter 1:21)
 

Q. 10. Is this the only way we may know that the Bible is the Word of

God?

A. No, we may know it by its godly teaching.
 

Q. 11. How else can we know that the Bible is the word of God?

A. By the fact that it agrees in all its parts; and also by the witness of the Spirit

of God Himself within our hearts that the Bible is the Word of God.

Scr. “I have yet many things to say unto you, but you cannot bear them

now. However, when He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you

into all truth” (<431612>John 16:12, 13) See also <422444>Luke 24:44; <430546>John

5:46; <550316>2 Timothy 3:16, 17.
 

Q. 12. Is it all right for men to choose whether or not they are to read

the Bible?

A. No, but God commands everyone to read, to hear, and to understand the

Bible.

Scr. “And he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn

to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law and these

statutes, to do them.” (<051719>Deuteronomy 17:19) See also <660103>Revelation

1:3; <402415>Matthew 24:15.
 

Q. 13. What are the two most important things the Bible teaches us?

A. The Bible teaches us to know God, and to know man.

Scr. “But let him that glories glory in this, that he understands and

knows Me.” (<240924>Jeremiah 9:24) “Lord, make me to know mine end,

and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I

am.” (<193904>Psalm 39:4) See also <19D505>Psalm 135:5; <430645>John 6:45; <110838>1

Kings 8:38.
 
CHAPTER 2
 

Q. 14. What is God?

A. God is a Spirit.

Scr. “God is a Spirit.” (<430424>John 4:24)
 

Q. 15. Are there any limits or bounds to God?

A. No, there are no limits or bounds to God.

Scr. “Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” (<242324>Jeremiah

23:24) See also <19D907>Psalm 139:7-12; <110838>1 Kings 8:38.
 

Q. 16. Is there either beginning or end to God?

A. No, there is no beginning or end to God.

Scr. “I am the A and the Z, the Beginning and the Ending, says the

Lord, who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”

(<660108>Revelation 1:8) See also <199002>Psalm 90:2; <194506>Psalm 45:6.
 

Q. 17. Is it possible for God to change?

A. No, it is not possible for God to change.

Scr. “For I am the Lord; I change not.” (<390306>Malachi 3:6)

“Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and for ever.”

(<581308>Hebrews 13:8) See also <590117>James 1:17.
 

Q. 18. Does anyone know everything?

A. Yes, God knows all things.

Scr. “Thou hast examined my path and my lying down, and knowest all

my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, O Lord, Thou

knowest it altogether.” (<19D903>Psalm 139:3, 4)

“I am God, and there is none like Me, declaring the end from the

beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done,

saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure.”

(<234609>Isaiah 46:9, 10)
 

Q. 19. Who is all powerful?

A. God is all powerful.

Scr. “I am the Almighty God.” (<011701>Genesis 17:1)

“He doeth according to His will in the army of heaven, and among the

inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him,

What doest Thou?” (<270435>Daniel 4:35)
 

Q. 20. Who is pure and holy?

A. God is pure and holy.

Scr. ‘Thou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on

iniquity.” (<350113>Habakkuk 1:13) See also <021511>Exodus 15:11; <19B109>Psalm

111:9; <230603>Isaiah 6:3; <090202>1 Samuel 2:2.
 

Q. 21. Who is the Just One?

A. God is just.

Scr. “He is the Rock, His work is perfect; for all His ways are

judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He.”

(<053204>Deuteronomy 32:4) See also <198914>Psalm 89:14.
 

Q. 22. Who only is good?

A. God only is good.

Scr. “And Jesus said unto him, Why do you call Me good? there is

none good but One, that is, God.” (<411018>Mark 10:18) See also <19E507>Psalm

145:7-9.
 

Q. 22. Who only is true?

A. God only is true.

Scr. “And this is life eternal, that they might know Thee, the only true

God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent.” (<431703>John 17:3) See

<450304>Romans 3:4; <198615>Psalm 86:15.
 

Q. 24. Who is love?

A. God is love.

Scr. “He that loves not knows not God; for God is love.” (<620408>1 John

4:8)
 

Q. 25. Who is great in mercy?

A. God is great in mercy.

Scr. “Who is a God like unto Thee, that pardons iniquity, and passes by

the transgression of His heritage? He retains not His anger for ever,

because He delights in mercy.” (<330718>Micah 7:18) See also Psalm 136;

<490204>Ephesians 2:4.
 

Q. 26. Where does God stay?

A. God is everywhere.

Scr. “Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him?

says the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? says the Lord.” (Jeremiah

23: 24) See also <441727>Acts 17:27, 28; <19D907>Psalm 139:7-12.
 

Q. 27. Are there more gods than one?

A. There is only one God, the living and true God.

Scr. “The Lord our God is one Lord.” (<050604>Deuteronomy 6:4)

“But the Lord is the true God, He is the living God, and an everlasting

King.” (<241010>Jeremiah 10:10) See also <234521>Isaiah 45:21.
 

Q. 28. Why then do we hear of the Father, the Son, and the Holy

Spirit?

A. These are three persons in the Godhead, but they are but one God.

Scr. “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name

of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” (<402819>Matthew

28:19)

“I and My Father are one.” (<431030>John 10:30) See also <471314>2 Corinthians

13:14; <600102>1 Peter 1:2.
 

Q. 29. Is not one of these three Persons the strongest and best?

A. No. They are the same in their being, and equal in their power and glory.

Scr. “One God, the Father, of whom are all things.” (<460806>1 Corinthians

8:6)

“By Him (Jesus Christ) were all things created.” (<510116>Colossians 1:16)

“The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has

given me life.” (<183304>Job 33:4)
 
CHAPTER 3
 

Q. 30. Does the Bible tell us what these three Persons did before the

world began?

A. The Bible tells us about God’s election before the foundation of the world.

Scr. “According as He has chosen us in Him before the foundation of

the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in

love:” (<490104>Ephesians 1:4)
 

Q. 31. When did God decide to do this?

A. God decided all things at one time, whether past, present, or things to

come.

Scr. “Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world,

but was manifest in these last times for you.” (<600120>1 Peter 1:20) See also

<661308>Revelation 13:8; <550109>2 Timothy 1:9; <530213>2 Thessalonians 2:13.
 

Q. 32. How do we know that God decided all things at one time?

A. Because God says that He never changes, and that He is perfect.

Scr. “I am the Lord; I change not.” (<390306>Malachi 3:6)

“Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father who is in heaven is

perfect.” (<400548>Matthew 5:48)
 

Q. 33. How does this prove that God decided all things at one time?

A. Because God would have to change His mind if He decided one thing one

time and something else another time. If He changed for the better, He would

prove He was no perfect God at all. If He changed for the worse, He no longer

would be perfect.

Scr. “Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes

down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no change nor

shadow of turning.” (<590117>James 1:17) See also <091529>1 Samuel 15:29;

<581308>Hebrews 13:8.
 

Q. 34. Did God then decide all things and predestinate them to come

to pass according to His own purpose?

A. Yes, He ordained everything exactly as it was to be.

Scr. “Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus

Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will”

(<490105>Ephesians 1:5) “Being predestinated according to the purpose of

Him who works all things after the counsel of His own will.”

(<490111>Ephesians 1:11) See also <234006>Isaiah 40:6.
 

Q. 35. Did He, even before the foundation of the world, ordain some

to eternal life?

A. Yes, His elect were chosen before the foundation of the world.

Scr. “As many as were ordained to eternal life believed.” (<441348>Acts

13:48)

“Who has saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to

our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which was

given us in Christ Jesus before the world began.” (<550104>2 Timothy 1:4)

See also <661308>Revelation 13:8; <661708>Revelation 17:8; <490104>Ephesians 1:4;

<450829>Romans 8:29.
 

Q. 36. Did God also ordain some to everlasting condemnation?

A. Yes.

Scr. “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of

old ordained to this condemnation.” (<650104>Jude 1:4)
 

Q. 37. Did God foresee that some would believe, and then

predestinate them to eternal life?

A. No, by no means, but God had mercy on whomsoever He will.

Scr. “So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God

who shows mercy.” (<450916>Romans 9:16, 18) See also <450911>Romans 9:11,

13.
 

Q. 38. How does anyone know that he is one of God’s elect?

A. He cannot know until he is called away from the love of sin, until he has

the true faith, and shows that he has the Spirit of Christ.

Scr. “Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His.”

(<450809>Romans 8:9) See also <520103>1 Thessalonians 1:3, 4; <530213>2

Thessalonians 2:13.
 

Q. 39. How did God bring to pass the things He had ordained?

A. By His work of creation, and by His work of providence.

Scr. “Thy faithfulness is unto all generations; Thou hast established the

earth, and it abides. They continue this day according to Thine

ordinances; for all are Thy servants.” (<19B990>Psalm 119:90, 91) See also

Genesis 1; <234307>Isaiah 43:7.
 
CHAPTER 4
 

Q. 40. What is the work of creation?

A. The work of creation is God making all things out of nothing.

Scr. “By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word

of God — that the things which are seen were not made of things which

do appear.” (<581103>Hebrews 11:3) See also <450417>Romans 4:17.
 

Q. 41. How did God do this?

A. By the word of His power, in six days.

Scr. “And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.”

(<010103>Genesis 1:3)

Scr. “For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has

shined in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of

God in the face of Jesus Christ.” (<470407>2 Corinthians 4:7) See also

<010131>Genesis 1:31; <022011>Exodus 20:11.
 

Q. 42. How did God make man?

A. God made man out of dust, after His own image.

Scr. “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and

breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living

soul.” (<010207>Genesis 2:7) See also <010126>Genesis 1:26.
 

Q. 43. In what way was this man made after the image of God?

A. The first man was like God in knowledge, in holiness, and in righteousness.

Scr. “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and to have put on the

new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true

holiness.” (<490423>Ephesians 4:23, 24)

“But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us

wisdom, and righteousness, and redemption.” (<460130>1 Corinthians 1:30)
 

Q. 44. What were the names of the first man and woman?

A. Adam and Eve.

Scr. “And Adam called his wife’s name Eve.” (<010320>Genesis 3:20)
 
CHAPTER 5
 

Q. 45. How do we know that God’s creation is ruled by His

providence?

A. The Bible tells us so, and all our experience tells us this also.

Scr. “The Lord has prepared His throne in the heavens; and His

kingdom rules over all.” (<19A319>Psalm 103:19) See also <234507>Isaiah 45:7.
 

Q. 46. Is there anything that happens to men which could be called

luck, chance, or fate?

A. No.

Scr. “A man’s heart devises his way: but the Lord directs his steps.”

(<201609>Proverbs 16:9) See also <234507>Isaiah 45:7, 13; <201601>Proverbs 16:1, 4;

<202101>Proverbs 21:1.
 

Q. 47. After man was created, could he provide for himself without

God’s power?

A. No, men cannot live without God, because every breath comes from God.

Scr. “And the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your

ways, you have not glorified.” (<270523>Daniel 5:23) See also <234205>Isaiah

42:5; <580103>Hebrews 1:3; <510117>Colossians 1:17.
 

Q. 48. Did not God give man power to exist of himself?

A. No, a man is held together and is held up by God’s power every moment.

Scr. “And upholding all things by the word of His power,”

(<580103>Hebrews 1:3) See also <510117>Colossians 1:17; <441725>Acts 17:25.
 

Q. 49. Does God provide for each of His creatures by miracles?

A. No, but God has provided means by which men and animals take care of

themselves.

Scr. “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and

multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion

over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every

living thing that moves upon the earth.” (<010128>Genesis 1:28)
 

Q. 50. Does God always provide all things equal to all men?

A. No, but God provides according to the good pleasure of His own will.

Scr. “It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is

written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.” (<450912>Romans 9:12,

13) See also <450916>Romans 9:16, 13, 21; <431709>John 17:9; <120801>2 Kings 8:1.
 

Q. 51. Did God withhold anything from Adam?

A. No, God gave Adam everything he needed.

Scr. “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and

multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion

over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every

living thing that moves upon the earth. And God said, Behold, I have

given you every herb bearing seed … and every tree.” (<010128>Genesis

1:28, 29) See also <010218>Genesis 2:18.
 

Q. 52. Where did Adam and Eve live?

A. In a paradise called the Garden of Eden.

Scr. “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there

He put the man whom He had formed.” (<010208>Genesis 2:8)

Q. 53. Were Adam and Eve permitted to eat of every tree in the

garden?
 

A. No, He allowed them to eat of every one but one.

Scr. “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of

the garden you may freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good

and evil, you shall not eat of it.” (<010216>Genesis 2:16, 17)
 

Q. 54. Why did God forbid them to eat of the tree of knowledge of

good and evil?

A. To test whether Adam and Eve would obey Him.

Scr. “For in the day that you eat of it, you shall surely die.”

(<010217>Genesis 2:17)
 

Q. 55. What bait did the serpent use to cause them to eat the forbidden

fruit?

A. He told them they would be as gods, knowing good and evil.

Scr. “For God knows that in the day you eat of it, then your eyes shall

be opened; and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.”

(<010305>Genesis 3:5)
 
CHAPTER 6
 

Q. 56. Then what kind of sin was this first sin?

A. A sin of pride.

Scr. “And Adam was not deceived; but the woman being deceived, was

in the transgression.” (<540214>1 Timothy 2:14. )
 

Q. 57. What is sin?

A. First, sin is to be ungodly, or unlike God; and second, sin is to do

something different from the way God commanded it to be done.

Scr. “In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and

that obey not the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (<530108>2

Thessalonians 1:8) “Whosoever commits sin transgresses also the law;

for sin is the transgression of the law.” (<620304>1 John 3:4) See also

<590417>James 4:17; <240213>Jeremiah 2:13.
 

Q. 58. What does Adam’s sin mean to us?

A. In Adam all men were made sinners because he was appointed to stand for

us all.

Scr. “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death

by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:”

(<450512>Romans 5:12) See also <450519>Romans 5:19; <461522>1 Corinthians 15:22.
 

Q. 59. How sinful are men?

A. There is none good, no, not one.

Scr. “They are all gone out of the way, they are together become

unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.” (<450312>Romans

3:12) See also <401519>Matthew 15:19; <210903>Ecclesiastes 9:3; <241709>Jeremiah

17:9.
 

Q. 60. Is there not a spark of good in every man?

A. No, every single one is dead to good, alive to evil.

Scr. “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth,

and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil

continually.” (<010605>Genesis 6:5) See also <190509>Psalm 5:9; <241509>Jeremiah

15:9; <181516>Job 15:16.
 

Q. 61. Are not some men and women good?

A. No, for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.

Scr. “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.”

(<450323>Romans 3:23) See also <450310>Romans 3:10, 11.
 

Q. 62. Aren’t little babies good?

A. No, for all are conceived in sin, and are born speaking lies.

Scr. “Behold, I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin did my mother

conceive me.” (<195105>Psalm 51:5)

“The wicked are estranged from the womb; they go astray as soon as

they be born, speaking lies.” (<195803>Psalm 58:3)
 

Q. 63. Don’t some men commit worse sins than others?

A. Yes, but all men are evil enough to commit all sins if not held back by God.

Scr. “Surely the wrath of man shall praise Thee: the remainder of wrath

shalt Thou restrain.” (<197610>Psalm 76:10) See also <191903>Psalm 19:3;

<400613>Matthew 6:13.
 

Q. 64. Do not God’s children do things that are good?

A. Yes, but only by the power of God working in them to do good.

Scr. “For it is God who works in you both to will and to do of His good

pleasure.” (<503813>Philippians 2:13) See also <450718>Romans 7:18; <470305>2

Corinthians 3:5.
 
CHAPTER 7
 

Q. 65. If men are such sinners, then how may any man have

everlasting happiness?

A. By believing the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

Scr. “And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and

this life is in His Son.” (<620511>1 John 5:11) See also <430524>John 5:24; 3:36;

16:31.
 

Q. 66. What is the Gospel?

A. The Gospel is good news about Christ.

Scr. “Moreover, my brothers, I make known to you the Gospel which I

preached to you, which you also received — the Gospel in which you

also stand, by which you also are being saved.” (<461501>1 Corinthians 15:1,

2) See also <470404>2 Corinthians 4:4; <490306>Ephesians 3:6; <530214>2

Thessalonians 2:14.
 

Q. 67. Why is the news of the Gospel such good news?

A. Because it reveals that there is a Mediator between God and sinful men.

Scr. “For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men,

the man Christ Jesus;” (<540205>1 Timothy 2:5) See also <580915>Hebrews 9:15;

8:6.
 
CHAPTER 8
 

Q. 68. Why do we need a Mediator?

A. Because all men have offended God by sin, and a pure and holy God cannot

look upon sin.

Scr. “O mighty God, Thou hast established them for correction. Thou

art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity.”

(<350113>Habakkuk 1:13)

“For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.” (<450323>Romans

3:23)
 

Q. 69. Who is this Mediator?

A. The Mediator is Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Scr. “For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men,

the man Christ Jesus.” (<540205>1 Timothy 2:5).
 

Q. 70. What must the Mediator do first?

A. He must take away God’s anger toward the sinner.

Scr. “And to wait for His Son from heaven (whom He raised from the

dead — Jesus,) who delivers us from the wrath to come.” (<520110>1

Thessalonians 1:10) See also <450509>Romans 5:9.
 

Q. 71. How does He do this?

A. By taking the sins of His people upon Himself, and suffering the

punishment due to all their sins.

Scr. “For He made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we

might be made the righteousness of God in Him.” (<470521>2 Corinthians

5:21) See also <580915>Hebrews 9:15.
 

Q. 72. What else must the Mediator do?

A. He must revive in us the righteousness, holiness, and true knowledge we

lost in Adam.

Scr. “But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us

wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.” (<460130>1

Corinthians 1:30) See also <490424>Ephesians 4:24; <510310>Colossians 3:10.
 

Q. 73. How can He do this?

A. First, He took man’s nature. Second, He became subject to the Law of God.

Third, he perfectly obeyed God in thought and deed for His entire lifetime on

earth.

Scr. “Wherefore in all things it behoved Him to be made like unto His

brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things

pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.”

(<580217>Hebrews 2:17) See also <450519>Romans 5:19.
 

Q. 74. What do we gain by this perfect obedience?

A. Righteousness, because Christ intercedes with God to credit us with His

perfect righteousness.

Scr. “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by

the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” (<450519>Romans

5:19) See also <470521>2 Corinthians 5:21.
 

Q. 75. How does He give us holiness?

A. By being perfect in every way, loving God with all His heart, mind, and

soul.

Scr. “And being made perfect, He became the Author of eternal

salvation unto all those who obey Him.” (<580509>Hebrews 5:9) See also

<460130>1 Corinthians 1:30; <581014>Hebrews 10:14.
 

Q. 76. How does Christ give us true knowledge?

A. By making us new creatures renewed in His image, then teaching us by His

Holy Spirit.

Scr. “And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge

after the image of Him that created him:” (<510310>Colossians 3:10)

“And they all shall be taught of God. Every man therefore that has

heard, and has learned of the Father, comes to Me.” (<430645>John 6:45)
 

Q. 77. Was it necessary for Christ to die in order to redeem us?

A. Yes, someone must die for our sins because the wages of sin is death.

Scr. “For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal

life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.” (<450623>Romans 6:23) See also

<410831>Mark 8:31; <461503>1 Corinthians 15:3; <431250>John 12:50.
 

Q. 78. Did Christ die to redeem every person that ever lived?

A. No. He redeemed only God’s elect people, all those God gave to Him to

redeem.

Scr. “As Thou hast given Him power over all flesh, that He should give

eternal life to as many as Thou hast given Him.” (<431702>John 17:2) See

also <402028>Matthew 20:28; <431015>John 10:15, 16; <430639>John 6:39;

<490104>Ephesians 1:4.
 

Q. 79. How do we know that everyone is not redeemed?

A. Because we see that all men are not delivered from the power of sin.

Scr. “But God be thanked, that you were the servants of sin, but you

have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered

unto you. Being then made free from sin, you became the servants of

righteousness.” (<450617>Romans 6:17, 18) See also <510113>Colossians 1:13;

<450802>Romans 8:2; <490205>Ephesians 2:5.
 

Q. 80. Is it true that Christ died for our natural sins in order to give

everyone a chance to believe and be saved?

A. No, in no way. When Christ died He perfected forever those that would be

saved.

Scr. “For by one offering He has perfected for ever them that are

sanctified.” (<581014>Hebrews 10:14) “Wherefore He is able also to save

them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, since He ever lives

to make intercession for them.” (<580725>Hebrews 7:25)
 

Q. 81. In what three offices does Christ the Mediator act for His

people?

A. In the offices of Prophet, Priest and King.

Scr. See <430118>John 1:18; <580725>Hebrews 7:25; <500321>Philippians 3:21.
 

Q. 82. In what way was Christ a prophet?

A. In revealing the eternal will of God for our salvation, by giving us the

Bible.

Scr. “No one has seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son has

revealed Him, (He who is in the bosom of the Father).” (<430118>John 1:18)

See also <401127>Matthew 11:27; <430645>John 6:45.
 

Q. 83. In what way did Christ act as a priest?

A. In offering up Himself as a sacrifice to satisfy the justice of God, and in

always praying for God’s blessings on His people.

Scr. “Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come

unto God by Him, since He ever lives to make intercession for them.”

(<580725>Hebrews 7:25)

“For by one offering He has perfected for ever them that are

sanctified.” (<581014>Hebrews 10:14) See also <510121>Colossians 1:21, 22.
 

Q. 84. In what way did Christ act as king?

A. In bringing His people into obedience to Him, in ruling over them, in

defending them, and in conquering all of their enemies for them.

Scr. “Who will completely change our vile body, that it may be

fashioned like unto His glorious body, according to the working

whereby He is able even to subdue all things unto Himself.”

(<500321>Philippians 3:21) See also <461524>1 Corinthians 15:24; <430633>John 6:33;

<230907>Isaiah 9:7.
 
CHAPTER 9
 

Q. 85. When God chose His elect, did He make it necessary for all

others to choose evil?

A. No, in no way, but every person is perfectly free to choose what he wants

to do.

Scr. “God has made man upright; but they have sought out many

inventions.” (<210729>Ecclesiastes 7:29) See also <053019>Deuteronomy 30:19;

<590114>James 1:14; <450807>Romans 8:7, 8.
 

Q. 86. Doesn’t everyone really want to choose good?

A. No, only the power of the Holy Spirit can make men want to choose good.

Scr. “You did not choose Me, but I chose you.” (<431516>John 15:16) See

also verse 19; <490104>Ephesians 1:4; <450311>Romans 3:11; <470305>2 Corinthians

3:5; <461203>1 Corinthians 12:3.
 

Q. 87. Has this always been true of man?

A. No. Adam was able to choose both good and evil.

Scr. “And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and

that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one

wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her

husband with her; and he did eat.” (<010306>Genesis 3:6)
 

Q. 88. Why did Adam choose evil instead of good?

A. Because Adam was not satisfied to choose only good; he wanted to be as

God, knowing both good and evil.

Scr. “For God doth know that in the day you eat of it, then your eyes

shall be opened, and you shall be as God, knowing good and evil.”

(<010305>Genesis 3:5)
 

Q. 89. Why aren’t all men still able to choose both good and evil?

A. Because all men fell when Adam fell, and their nature became sinful.

Scr. “Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in

the lusts of the flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind;

and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”

(<490203>Ephesians 2:3) See also <461522>1 Corinthians 15:22.
 

Q. 90. Does having a sinful nature make men always choose evil?

A. Yes, because to choose good is to choose God, and sinful men do not desire

God.

Scr. “For He (Christ) shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, and as

a root out of dry ground: He has no form nor comeliness; and when we

shall see Him, there is no beauty that we should desire Him. He is

despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with

grief; and we hid as it were our faces from Him; He was despised, and

we esteemed Him not.” (Isaiah 53: 2, 3) See also <182114>Job 21:14; <181516>Job

15:16; <202110>Proverbs 21:10; <010605>Genesis 6:5.
 

Q. 91. How can God’s children, while still sinners, choose good?

A. When God makes the sinner a new man, sin can no longer hold him in his

evil ways, but God works in him both to will and to do of God’s good pleasure.

Scr. “For it is God who works in you both to will and to do of His good

pleasure.” (<503813>Philippians 2:13) See also <450724>Romans 7:24, 25;

<450614>Romans 6:14; <461206>1 Corinthians 12:6.
 

Q. 92. When is man’s will made perfectly free from sin again?

A. Only in the state of Glory, when he shall be with the Lord Jesus, and shall

be like Him.

Scr. “My beloved, now we are children of God, and it does not yet

appear what we shall be. But we know that when He shall appear, we

shall be like Him — for we shall see Him as He is.” (<620302>1 John 3:2)

See also <510304>Colossians 3:4; <500321>Philippians 3:21.
 
CHAPTER 10
 

Q. 93. How does God call His chosen people out of sin?

A. By the Gospel.

Scr. “Whereunto He called you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the

glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (<530214>2 Thessalonians 2:14) See also

<460123>1 Corinthians 1:23, 24; <451014>Romans 10:14, 15.
 

Q. 94. Then why does not everyone who hears the Gospel believe it?

A. Because to some the Gospel is foolishness, to others it is offensive, and it is

only God’s people who receive it as the power of God unto salvation.

Scr. “For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness;

but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.” (<460118>1 Corinthians

1:18) See <460122>1 Corinthians 1:22, 23; 2:14; <450116>Romans 1:16; 10:16.
 

Q. 95. Does every one of God’s elect respond to the call of the

Gospel?

A. Yes, at the appointed time the Holy Spirit takes away their evil hearts of

unbelief and gives them a heart to know Him, working in them mightily to

believe in Christ.

Scr. “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within

you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will

give you a heart of flesh.” (<263626>Ezekiel 36:26) See also <580312>Hebrews

3:12; <490110>Ephesians 1:10, 19; <580810>Hebrews 8:10; <530108>2 Thessalonians

1:8.
 

Q. 96. Does this irresistible call come to those men who are naturally

better than others?

A. No, the Holy Spirit often chooses the weak and worthless among men.

Scr. “For you see your calling, brothers, that there are not many wise

according to the flesh, not many powerful, not many high-born ones.

But God chose the foolish things of the world so that He might put the

wise to shame. And God chose the weak things of the world so that He

might put the strong things to shame.” (<460126>1 Corinthians 1:26, 27) See

also <550109>2 Timothy 1:9.
 

Q. 97. Do those not elected never hear the call of the Gospel?

A. Untold millions have died without hearing the Gospel, but many have heard

the call of the Gospel who were never saved.

Scr. “For unto us was the Gospel preached, as well as unto them: but

the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in

them that heard it.” (<580402>Hebrews 4:2) See also <451016>Romans 10:16;

<431026>John 10:26; <442814>Acts 28:14; <431239>John 12:39, 40.
 

Q. 98. What happens to those who hear the call of the Gospel and do

not obey it?

A. They are hardened in their sins, God giving them up to their own lusts.

Scr. “But if our Gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: in whom

the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not,

lest the light of the glorious Gospel of Christ, who is the image of God,

should shine unto them.” (<470403>2 Corinthians 4:3, 4) See also <530108>2

Thessalonians 1:8.
 
CHAPTER 11
 

Q. 99. What immediately follows when we believe the Gospel?

A. Justification.

Scr. “Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the

deeds of the law.” (<450328>Romans 3:28) See also <450501>Romans 5:1.
 

Q. 100. What does it mean to be justified?

A. To be justified is to be counted just, or righteous, before God.

Scr. “To declare, I say, at this time His righteousness: that He might be

just, and the justifier of him who believes in Jesus.” (<450326>Romans 3:26)
 

Q. 101. How can sinful men be counted just before God?

A. Only when they appear before God in the righteousness of Christ.

Scr. “Not having my own righteousness, which is of the law, but that

which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God

by faith.” (<500309>Philippians 3:9) See also <450325>Romans 3:25; <450517>Romans

5:17.
 

Q. 102. Is this righteousness of Christ poured into the saints so that

they become personally righteous before God?

A. No, for if they were personally righteous they would not live by faith.

Scr. “The just shall live by faith.” (<480311>Galatians 3:11) See also

<500309>Philippians 3:9; <480505>Galatians 5:5; <450405>Romans 4:5-8.
 

Q. 103. Then how can a man ever be clothed with the righteousness of

Christ?

A. Christ Jesus took our nature that He might live and die for His people, and

be able to present them before God clothed in His righteousness.

Scr. “And again, Behold I and the children which God has given Me.

Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He

also Himself likewise took part in the same; that through death He

might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and

deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to

bondage.” (<580213>Hebrews 2:13, 14) See also <580217>Hebrews 2:17;

<450425>Romans 4:25; <600224>1 Peter 2:24.
 

Q. 104. How does God justify the elect by the righteousness of

Christ?

A. By crediting them with the righteousness of Christ’s life while He was on

earth.

Scr. “For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, so that we

might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (<470521>2 Corinthians

5:21) See also <450422>Romans 4:22-25; <450801>Romans 8:1, 2, 4; <450521>Romans

5:21.
 

Q. 105. When is a man actually justified?

A. Immediately when he has believed in Christ.

Scr. “I say unto you, This one went down to his house justified, rather

than the other.” (<421814>Luke 18:14)
 

Q. 106. What is the instrument by which we receive justification?

A. Faith.

Scr. “Therefore we reckon that a man is justified by faith, without the

works of Law.” (<450328>Romans 3:28)
 

Q. 107. If a man is once justified before God, can he ever be counted

unrighteous again?

A. No, because God accepts the righteousness of Christ for ever.

Scr. “And whom He predestinated, these He also called. And whom He

called, these He also justified. And whom He justified, these He also

glorified.” (<450830>Romans 8:30) See also <450833>Romans 8:33, 34.
 

Q. 108. Can a man justify his sin because he is eternally justified

before God?

A. No, in no way, but he must humble himself, confess his sin, repent, and

renew his faith.

Scr. “If we say that we have no sin, we are fooling ourselves, and the

truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to

forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we

say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in

us.” (<620108>1 John 1:8-10) See also <450601>Romans 6:1; <193205>Psalm 32:5.
 
CHAPTER 12
 

Q. 109. Why is it said that God adopts those who are justified through

faith?

A. Because we are not naturally the sons of God, and if we are to have the

privilege of being sons, we must be adopted.

Scr “For you did not receive a spirit of bondage again unto fear; but

you have received a Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.

The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of

God.” (<450815>Romans 8:15, 16) See also <480404>Galatians 4:4; <490105>Ephesians

1:5; <430112>John 1:12.
 
CHAPTER 13
 

Q. 110. What is sanctification?

A. To be sanctified is to be set apart unto God.

Scr. “Wherefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people with His

own blood, suffered outside the gate.” (<581212>Hebrews 12:12) See also

<580211>Hebrews 2:11; <490526>Ephesians 5:26; <431717>John 17:17.
 

Q. 111. Who does this sanctifying work?

A. The Holy Spirit.

Scr. “And some of you were these things. But you were washed, but

you were sanctified, but you were justified, in the name of the Lord

Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.” (<460611>1 Corinthians 6:11) See also

<581014>Hebrews 10:14; <461203>1 Corinthians 12:3; <470318>2 Corinthians 3:18.
 

Q. 112. How does He sanctify the elect?

A. By revealing to them the meaning and worth of the death of Christ, and

then working in them a desire to be like Him.

Scr. “Now the Lord is the Spirit. And where the Spirit of the Lord is,

there is freedom! But we all, with unveiled face beholding the glory of

the Lord, as in a mirror, are being changed into the same image from

glory to glory, even as from the Spirit of the Lord.” (<470317>2 Corinthians

3:17, 18) See also <460208>1 Corinthians 2:8-10; <431613>John 16:13, 14.
 

Q. 113. In what way do they become like Christ?

A. By living for God’s glory, by humbly obeying His word, by hating sin, and

by rejoicing in God at all times.

Scr. “I have glorified Thee on the earth: I have finished the work which

Thou gayest Me to do.” (<431704>John 17:4) See also <431719>John 17:19, 23;

<430829>John 8:29; <350113>Habakkuk 1:13.
 

Q. 114. May a man be perfectly holy in this life?

A. No, but there is a continual battle between the flesh and the Spirit.

Scr. “For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the

flesh. And these are contrary one to another: so that you cannot do the

things that you want to do.” (<480517>Galatians 5:17) See also <620109>1 John

1:9; <450723>Romans 7:23-25.
 

Q. 115. Does the flesh hold the upper hand over the Spirit?

A. No, the Spirit that dwells in us rules over the flesh.

Scr. “But now being set free from sin, and having become bondslaves

to God, you have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.”

(<450622>Romans 6:22) See also <450811>Romans 8:11-14.
 
CHAPTER 14
 

Q. 116. What grace is it that overcomes the world?

A. Faith overcomes the world.

Scr. “All that has been born of God overcomes the world. And this is

the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith.” (<620504>1 John

5:4)
 

Q. 117. Do all kinds of faith overcome the world?

A. No, but only saving faith overcomes the world.

Scr. “Who is he that overcomes the world, but he that believes that

Jesus is the Son of God?” (<620505>1 John 5:5)
 

Q. 118. What are two other kinds of faith?

A. Historical and temporary faith.

Scr. Historical faith — “Then Simon himself believed also … And

when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles’ hands the Holy

Spirit was given, he offered them money … But Peter said unto him,

May your money be destroyed with you, because you thought the gift

of God could be gotten by money. You have neither part nor lot in this

matter, for your heart is not right in the sight of God.” (<440813>Acts 8:13,

18-21)
 

Temporary faith —

“And he who received seed upon the stony places, this is he who hears

the word and immediately receives it with joy. But he has no root in

himself, and is only temporary. And when trouble or persecution rises

on account of the word, he immediately stumbles.” (<401220>Matthew 12:20,

21)
 

Q. 119. What is historical faith?

A. The faith of those who believe the history about Jesus Christ being the

Saviour, but who do not trust in Him to save them from their sins.

Scr. “From that time many of His disciples went back, and did not walk

any more with Him.” (<430666>John 6:66) See also <440813>Acts 8:13; <550310>2

Timothy 3:10.
 

Q. 120. What is temporary faith?

A. The faith of those who, for a short time, take joy in certain portions of the

Word of God, believing certain promises belong to them.

Scr. “For if … they have escaped the filthy vices of the world, but …

have become tangled up … again, … their last state is worse than the

first.” (<610220>2 Peter 2:20)
 

Q. 121. Where does temporary faith fall short of saving faith?

A. Temporary believers have not the Spirit of Christ dwelling in them.

Scr. “But if anyone has not the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.”

(<450809>Romans 8:9) See also <580604>Hebrews 6:4-9.
 

Q. 122. What is true faith?

A. True saving faith is the work of the Holy Spirit in the elect to cause them to

believe the good news of the Gospel.

Scr. “And what is the exceeding greatness of His power towards us,

who believe according to the working of His mighty strength.”

(<490119>Ephesians 1:19) See also <490208>Ephesians 2:8; <500129>Philippians 1:29;

<460205>1 Corinthians 2:5; <520105>1 Thessalonians 1:5.
 

Q. 123. Does true faith believe the Gospel?

A. Yes, and all the rest of the Word of God too.

Scr. “But this I confess unto you, that after the way which they call

heresy, so I worship the God of my fathers, believing all things which

are written in the law and the prophets.” (<442414>Acts 24:14)
 

Q. 124. What are those things which saving faith most readily

receives?

A. Christ’s work of redemption, the forgiveness of sins, justification by faith,

and everlasting life through Christ.

Scr. “That if you shall confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and

shall believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you

shall be saved.” (<451009>Romans 10:9) See also <053012>Deuteronomy 30:12;

<441338>Acts 13:38, 39; <442618>Acts 26:18; <480301>Galatians 3:1.
 

Q. 125. What happens when a believer’s faith is weak?

A. Christ prays for him that his faith fail not, intercedes for him, and brings

him finally to believe the truth.

Scr. “But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not — and when

you have turned back, strengthen your brethren.” (<422232>Luke 22:32) See

also <490616>Ephesians 6:16.
 

Q. 126. Are there any more kinds of faith mentioned in the Bible?

A. Yes, there was a faith which believed that Christ would perform miracles

for it.

Scr. “And though I have all faith so that I could remove mountains, and

have not love, I am nothing.” (<461302>1 Corinthians 13:2) See also

<400722>Matthew 7:22; <441409>Acts 14:9.
 

Q. 127. Did any unbeliever have this faith?

A. Yes, Judas worked miracles by this faith.

Scr. “And calling His twelve disciples unto Himself, He gave to them

authority over unclean spirits so as to throw them out — and also

power to heal every kind of sickness and every kind of weakness of

body.” (<401001>Matthew 10:1) See <401004>Matthew 10:4.
 

Q. 128. What other grace goes hand in hand with faith?

A. Repentance.

Scr. “Earnestly testifying both to Jews and Greeks, repentance toward

God and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.” (<442021>Acts 20:21) See also

<470710>2 Corinthians 7:10.
 

Q. 129. Does repentance come from man or from God?

A. Repentance, like all other good gifts, comes only from God.

Scr. “In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves, for perhaps

God may give them repentance so as to have a full knowledge of the

truth.” (<550225>2 Timothy 2:25)
 

Q. 130. What is the first sign of true repentance?

A. Inward and true sorrow for our sins.

Scr. “For godly sorrow works repentance unto salvation not to be

repented of: but the sorrow of the world works death.” (<470710>2

Corinthians 7:10)
 

Q. 131. What is the second sign of true repentance?

A. Hatred of our sins because they offend the God we love.

Scr. “Then shall you remember your own evil ways, and your doings

that were not good, and shall hate yourself in your own sight for your

iniquities and for your abominations.” (<263631>Ezekiel 36:31)
 

Q. 132. What is the third sign of repentance?

A. A strong purpose to turn away from our sins.

Scr. “Repent, and turn from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall

not be your ruin.” (Ezekiel 18: 30) See also <235507>Isaiah 55:7,
 

Q. 133. What is the fourth sign of true repentance?

A. To turn to God, to ask Him to forgive us, and to work mightily in us to

please Him from that time forward.

Scr. “I will go and return to My place until they acknowledge their

offence and seek My face: in their affliction they will seek Me early.”

(<280515>Hosea 5:15) See also <235507>Isaiah 55:7; <182223>Job 22:23; <290213>Joel 2:13.
 

Q. 134. Do we repent only at the time of our conversion?

A. No, but repentance continues through all our lives.

Scr. “But I have this against you, that you left your first love.

Remember then where you have fallen from, and repent, and do the

first works. And if you do not, I will move your lampstand out of its

place — unless you repent.” (<660204>Revelation 2:4, 5)
 

Q. 135. Can a man who truly repents ever be condemned?

A. No, never, because true repentance goes hand in hand with true saving

faith.

Scr. “And if anyone should sin, we have a Helper with the Father, Jesus

Christ the Righteous One. And He is the atonement for our sins.” (<620201>1

John 2:1, 2) See also <422232>Luke 22:32.
 
CHAPTER 16
 

Q. 136. What are good works?

A. Good works are those works which are commanded by God.

Scr. “Now the God of peace … make you perfect in every good work

to do His will, working in you that which is well-pleasing in His sight,

through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever.”

(<581320>Hebrews 13:20, 21)
 

Q. 137. Who may do good works?

A. Only new creatures in Christ Jesus can do true good works.

Scr. “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good

works, which God has before ordained that we should walk in them.”

(<490210>Ephesians 2:10) See also <490424>Ephesians 4:24; <510309>Colossians 3:9,

10; <195110>Psalm 51:10; <470517>2 Corinthians 5:17; <581106>Hebrews 11:6;

<450807>Romans 8:7; <451423>Romans 14:23.
 

Q. 138. Why cannot others do good works?

A. Because whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Scr. “But he who doubts, if he eat, has been condemned — because it is

not of faith. And whatsoever is not of faith is sin.” (<451423>Romans 14:23)
 

Q. 139. Are there not many good works done among men, works of

charity and works of sympathy?

A. No work is good unless it is done for the purpose of pleasing God.

Scr. “Unto the pure all things are pure. But to those who are stained

with sin and unbelieving nothing is pure — but both their mind and

conscience are stained with sin. They claim to know God, but in works

they deny Him, being hateful and disobedient.” (<560115>Titus 1:15, 16) See

also <461031>1 Corinthians 10:31.
 

Q. 140. Is it not a good work to love and to help our neighbor?

A. It is good for your neighbor if you love and help him, but it is not a good

work for you unless your motive is to glorify God.

Scr. “Whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God.” (<461031>1

Corinthians 10:31) See also <400718>Matthew 7:18; <450807>Romans 8:7, 8.
 

Q. 141. Do the saints of God do good works by their own will and

might?

A. No, but good works are worked in us by God the Holy Spirit.

Scr. “Now the God of peace (who brought again from the dead our

Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the

everlasting covenant) make you perfect in every good work to do His

will, working in you that which is well-pleasing in His sight, through

Jesus Christ — to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.”

(<581320>Hebrews 13:20, 21)
 

Q. 142. Do the good works of the saints ever deserve a reward from

God?

A. No, but after we have done all, we are still unprofitable servants.

Scr. “So also when you may have done all things commanded you, you

say, We are unprofitable servants, for we have done that which it was

our duty to do.” (<421710>Luke 17:10)
 
CHAPTER 17
 

Q. 143. Do the children of God always endure to the end?

A. Yes.

Scr. “For I am persuaded of this very thing, that He who began a good

work in you will finish it until the day of Jesus Christ.” (<500106>Philippians

1:6) See also <450509>Romans 5:9, 10; <450911>Romans 9:11, 16; John 10: 28,

29.
 

Q. 144. Do they live by their good works?

A. No, just men always live by faith.

Scr. “The just shall live by faith.” (<450118>Romans 1:18) See also

<480311>Galatians 3:11; <581038>Hebrews 10:38.
 

Q. 145. Do the saints endure to the end because of their faith?

A. No, they live by their faith, but not because of their faith.

Scr. “You who are kept by the power of God through faith unto

salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.” (<600105>1 Peter 1:5) See

also <510212>Colossians 2:12; <490208>Ephesians 2:8.
 
CHAPTER 18
 

Q. 146. Can the saints of God feel assured of their final salvation?

A. Yes, they may be sure of their calling and election if they keep God’s

commandments.

Scr. “For this reason, my brothers, give all the more carefulness to

make your calling and election sure. For if you do these things you

shall never stumble.” (<610110>2 Peter 1:10) See also <620203>1 John 2:3;

<580617>Hebrews 6:17, 18; <450816>Romans 8:16, 33.
 

Q. 147. How does the keeping of God’s commandments assure us that

we already have everlasting life?

A. Because no one can keep the commandments of God unless the Spirit of

Christ is in him.

Scr. “Therefore I give you to know that no one who is speaking by the

Spirit of God says that Jesus is accursed. And no one can say that Jesus

is Lord except by the Holy Spirit.” (<461203>1 Corinthians 12:3) See also

<620324>1 John 3:24; <450809>Romans 8:9-13.
 

Q. 148. Does the Spirit of Christ ever permit a child of God to lose his

assurance?

A. Yes, sometimes believers fall into sin, which wounds their consciences and

grieves the Holy Spirit.

Scr. “Cast me not away from Thy presence; and take not Thy holy

Spirit from me.” (<195111>Psalm 51:11) See also <422262>Luke 22:62;

<490430>Ephesians 4:30; <197707>Psalm 77:7; <19B611>Psalm 116:11.
 

Q. 149. When does a sinning saint receive the Spirit’s assurance of his

salvation?

A. When he repents, turns from his sins, and exercises faith towards God.

Scr. “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite

heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.” (<195117>Psalm 51:17) See also

<235715>Isaiah 57:15-18.
 
CHAPTER 19
 

Q. 150. Has God always had laws which were binding on all men?

A. Yes, Adam had the law of God written in his heart.

Scr. “For they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their

conscience bearing witness with them. And the thoughts which passed

between one another will be accusing or excusing them on the Day

when God shall judge the hidden things of men according to my

Gospel, by Jesus Christ.” (<450215>Romans 2:15) See also <010117>Genesis 1:17;

<450513>Romans 5:13, 14; <451005>Romans 10:5; <194008>Psalm 40:8.
 

Q. 151. Has this same law ever since continued to be the rule of

righteousness?

A. Yes.

Scr. “Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am

not come to destroy but to fulfil.” (<400517>Matthew 5:17) See also

<450214>Romans 2:14, 15.
 

Q. 152. When were the laws of God summarized and written down for

us?

A. When God wrote the Ten Commandments on stone at Mount Sinai.

Scr. “And He gave unto Moses, when He had made an end of

communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables

of stone, written with the finger of God.” (<023118>Exodus 31:18)
 

Q. 153. Are all men bound to obey the Ten Commandments?

A. Yes, God never changed the moral duty of men. They were always

commanded to love Him supremely, and their neighbor as themselves.

Scr. “My brothers, I do not write a new commandment to you, but an

old commandment which you had from the beginning. The old

commandment is the word which you heard from the beginning.” (<620207>1

John 2:7)
 

Q. 154. Will all men be measured against the law of God at the

Judgment Day?

A. Yes.

Scr. “Speak and do in such a way as if you are about to be judged by

the law of liberty.” (<590212>James 2:12) See also <581223>Hebrews 12:23-26;

<431248>John 12:48.
 

Q. 155. Why did Jesus Christ keep the Ten Commandments?

A. Because they expressed the will of His Father.

Scr. “I delight to do Thy will, O My God: yea, Thy law is within My

heart.” (<194008>Psalm 40:8) See also <581007>Hebrews 10:7; <430638>John 6:38;

<400517>Matthew 5:17.
 

Q. 156. Do believers keep the Ten Commandments as a way of life?

A. No, but because they are the expressed will of God.

Scr. “And whatever we may ask, we receive from Him, because we

keep His commandments, and we practice the things which are

pleasing in His sight.” (<620322>1 John 3:22) See also <620204>1 John 2:4, 5; <620311>1

John 3:11 margin.
 

Q. 157. What is the usefulness of the Ten Commandments to

believers?

A. It gives them a square and a rule by which they may judge their faithfulness

to God.

Scr. “He that says, I have known Him, but is not keeping His

commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.” (<620204>1 John 2:4)

See also <450722>Romans 7:22; <590208>James 2:8; <550316>2 Timothy 3:16, 17.
 

Q. 158. Is the law of God contrary to the Gospel?

A. No, but the Gospel is the answer to the condemnation of the law.

Scr. “Do we then do away with the Law through faith? Let it not be

said! Yea, we make the Law to stand.” (<450331>Romans 3:31)
 
CHAPTER 20
 

Q. 159. How long have men had the Gospel preached to them?

A. The Gospel was revealed immediately after the fall of man.

Scr. “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between

your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise

his heel.” (<010315>Genesis 3:15)
 

Q. 160. How is the Gospel revealed outwardly?

A. By the word of God.

Scr. “And the Scripture, seeing beforehand that God justifies the

Gentiles by faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying,

‘All the nations shall be blessed in you.’” (<480308>Galatians 3:8) See also

<450117>Romans 1:17; <451625>Romans 16:25.
 

Q. 161. Is the outward preaching of the Gospel the only power unto

salvation?

A. No, but the Holy Spirit must work within man, giving him a spiritual heart

so that he will receive the Gospel.

Scr. “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within

you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will

give you a heart of flesh. And I will put My Spirit within you, and

cause you to walk in My statutes, and you shall keep My judgments,

and do them.” (<263626>Ezekiel 36:26, 27) See also <19B003>Psalm 110:3;

<243133>Jeremiah 31:33.
 
CHAPTER 21
 

Q. 162. When Christ delivers a man from the condemnation of the

Law, does he make him free to do as he pleases from that time on?

A. No, but He makes him free from the guilt of sin, and the curse of the Law.

Scr. “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set me free

from the law of sin and death.” (<450802>Romans 8:2)

“I find, then, a law — that when I desire to do what is right, evil is

present with me.” (<450721>Romans 7:21)

“For I know that in me — that is, in my flesh — there dwells no good.

For to desire is present with me, but how to work out the good I find

not.” (<450718>Romans 7:18)
 

Q. 163. Does Christ deliver the new man from the rulership of sin?

A. Yes.

Scr. “For sin shall not lord it over you, for you are not under the law,

but under grace.” (<450614>Romans 6:14)
 

Q. 164. Does Christ deliver us from other things also?

A. Yes, He delivers us from the fear of Satan, from despair, and from the sting

of death.

Scr. “To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and

from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of

sins.” (<442618>Acts 26:18)

“And we know that all things work together for good to those who love

God, to them who are the called according to His purpose.”

(<450828>Romans 8:28) See also <461555>1 Corinthians 15:55.
 
CHAPTER 22
 

Q. 165. May a man worship God according to his own light?

A. No, but God has strictly set down the way that He is to be worshipped.

Scr. “Whatever thing I command you, observe to do it: you shall not

add thereto, nor diminish from it.” (<051232>Deuteronomy 12:32) See also

<203006>Proverbs 30:6; <430424>John 4:24.
 

Q. 166. Is any sort of religious honor to be given to anyone besides

God?

A. Only God the Father, the Son, and God the Holy Spirit are worthy of any

form of worship or religious honor.

Scr. “Then Jesus says to him, Get away, Satan! for it is written, ‘You

shall worship the Lord your God, and Him alone shall you serve.’”

(<400410>Matthew 4:10) See also <430623>John 6:23; <402819>Matthew 28:19;

<420408>Luke 4:8.
 

Q. 167. How is prayer to be offered to God?

A. Only in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, by the help of the Holy Spirit.

Scr. “And whatsoever you may ask in My name, this I will do, so that

the Father may be glorified in the Son.” (<431413>John 14:13) See also

<580725>Hebrews 7:25; <510317>Colossians 3:17; <581315>Hebrews 13:15.
 

Q. 168. Are all men still supposed to keep one day of rest out of

seven?

A. Yes.

Scr. “So then, there is still a rest to the people of God.” (<580409>Hebrews

4:9)
 

Q. 169. Which day is now set aside for the worship of God?

A. The first day of the week, Sunday.

Scr. “Upon the first day of the week let each one of you lay by him in

store whatever he may be prospered in — so that when I come there

should be no collections then.” (<461602>1 Corinthians 16:2)
 

Q. 170. Why was the day of rest changed from Saturday to Sunday?

A. The seventh day sabbath was in order to remember the first creation. A

change was made because our present day of rest is in order to remember the

new creation by Christ Jesus.

Scr. “So then, there is still a rest to the people of God. For He that

entered into His rest, He also rested from His works, as God did from

His.” (<580409>Hebrews 4:9, 10)
 

Q. 171. How may men keep the Sabbath day holy unto God?

A. By turning their feet away from doing their own ways, from finding their

own pleasure, from speaking their own words, and instead delighting

themselves in God.

Scr. “If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your

pleasure on My holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the

Lord, honorable; and shall honor Him, not doing your own ways, nor

finding your pleasure, speaking your own words: Then shall you

delight yourselves in the Lord.” (<235813>Isaiah 58:13, 14)
 

Q. 172. What works may be performed on the Sabbath day?

A. Only those works which have to do with mercy, worship, and sustaining of

life.

Scr. “So it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.” (<401212>Matthew

12:12) See <022008>Exodus 20:8.
 

CHAPTER 23

Q. 173. Is it still lawful to offer vows unto God?

A. Yes.

Scr. “Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay your vows unto the most

High.” (<195014>Psalm 50:14)
 
CHAPTER 24
 

Q. 174. How do the rulers of this world obtain their power?

A. God, the Supreme Ruler and King of this world, has ordained that they

shall be our rulers.

Scr. “Let every soul put himself under the higher authorities — for

there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist

have been appointed by God.” (<451301>Romans 13:1) See also <540202>1

Timothy 2:2.
 

Q. 175. Should the children of God give obedience to the rulers of this

world?

A. Yes, they are God’s servants for our good.

Scr. “Let every soul put himself under the higher authorities.”

(<451301>Romans 13:1)
 
CHAPTER 25
 

Q. 176. When is marriage lawful before God?

A. When the marriage is between one man and one woman, neither having any

other legal living husband or wife.

Scr. “Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall

cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.” (<010224>Genesis 2:24)

See also <390215>Malachi 2:15; <401905>Matthew 19:5, 6.
 

Q. 177. How should a man and woman look upon their marriage?

A. They should look upon themselves as one flesh, never to be parted until

death.

Scr. “For the married woman is bound by law to the living husband —

but if the husband should die, she is set free from the law of the

husband.” (<450702>Romans 7:2) See also <010224>Genesis 2:24; <401906>Matthew

19:6.
 

Q. 178. Is there no lawful end to a marriage?

A. Yes, besides death, marriage may be ended in cases of adultery.

Scr. “Whosoever shall put away his wife, if not for fornication, and

shall marry another, commits adultery.” (<401909>Matthew 19:9)
 

Q. 179. In what way are believers bound in regards to marrying?

A. Believers may only marry those who are already proved to be God’s

Children.

Scr. “A wife is bound by law for as long a time as her husband is

living. But if her husband has fallen asleep, she is free to be married to

whom she pleases — only in the Lord.” (<460739>1 Corinthians 7:39)
 
CHAPTER 26
 

Q. 180. What is a church?

A. A church is a body of baptized believers.

Scr. “Then those who gladly welcomed his word were baptized, and

there were about three thousand souls added on that day … And the

Lord added those who were being saved day by day to the church.”

(<440241>Acts 2:41, 47) See also <440514>Acts 5:14.
 

Q. 181. Must a church have a church building?

A. No, they need only a place to meet for worship and fellowship.

Scr. “And continuing steadfastly together in the Temple, and breaking

bread in their houses, they took their food with gladness and purity of

heart.” (<440246>Acts 2:46) See also <581025>Hebrews 10:25; <461120>1 Corinthians

11:20.
 

Q. 182. Do churches have any power over the members?

A. Yes, they are given the power to police their membership by putting out

those who do not walk according to the word of God.

Scr. “And put out that wicked person from among yourselves.” (<460513>1

Corinthians 5:13)
 

Q. 183. Who is the main officer in the church?

A. God has appointed the pastor of the church as chief officer in the church.

They are often called bishops or elders in the New Testament.

Scr. “If a man desires to be a bishop, he desires a good work.” (<540301>1

Timothy 3:1)
 

Q. 184. What other officers of the churches are mentioned in the New

Testament?

A. Only deacons.

Scr. “In the same way the deacons must be honorable, not doubletongued,

not given to much wine, not greedy of ill profit.” (<540308>1

Timothy 3:8)
 

Q. 185. Who commissions a preacher to be a minister of Christ?

A. Only Christ Jesus Himself.

Scr. “And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who strengthened me, because

He counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry.” (<540112>1 Timothy

1:12) See also <540207>1 Timothy 2:7; <490307>Ephesians 3:7.
 

Q. 186. Are preachers then not to be ordained by the churches?

A. The ordination of the church is recognition that Christ has called out this

man to preach the Gospel.

Scr. “Ordain elders in every city, even as I had ordered you to do: If

any man is blameless, husband of one wife, having faithful children,

and is not accused of behaving loosely or being unruly.” (<560105>Titus 1:5)
 

Q. 187. What is the chief purpose of the churches?

A. The chief business of the churches is to glorify God.

Scr. “Unto Him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all

ages, world without end. Amen.” (<490321>Ephesians 3:21)
 

Q. 188. What is the chief duty of pastors?

A. The chief duty of pastors is to feed the members of the church.

Scr. “Therefore take heed to yourselves, and to all the flock, in which

the Holy Spirit made you over-seers, to feed the church of God which

He bought with the blood of His own Son.” (<442028>Acts 20:28) See also

<432115>John 21:15-17.
 
CHAPTER 27
 

Q. 189. Are the saints of God commanded to live together in close

harmony?

A. Yes, they are bound to maintain a holy fellowship and communion in the

worship of God, as well as serving their fellow saints.

Scr. “And we should consider one another, encouraging one another

unto love and good works — not forsaking the assembling of ourselves

together, as the manner of some is, but encouraging one another — and

so much the more as you see the Day approaching.” (<581024>Hebrews

10:24, 25) See also <580312>Hebrews 3:12, 13; <441202>Acts 12:29, 30.
 
CHAPTER 28
 

Q. 190. What is Baptism?

A. Baptism is an ordinance of Christ.

Scr. “Now I praise you, my brothers, that you have remembered me in

all things. And you hold fast the teachings even as I taught them to

you.” (<461102>1 Corinthians 11:2; see also <402819>Matthew 28:19.
 
CHAPTER 29
 

Q. 191. Why did Christ ordain baptism for believers?

A. For a sign of fellowship with Him in His death, burial, and resurrection

unto newness of life.

Scr. “Being buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised

with Him through the faith of the almighty working of God, who raised

Him from among the dead.” (<510212>Colossians 2:12) See also

<480327>Galatians 3:27; <450602>Romans 6:2-5.
 

Q. 192. Who may be baptized?

A. Those who actually profess repentance toward God, faith in Christ Jesus,

and obedience to Him.

Scr. “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus

Christ unto remission of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy

Spirit . … Then those who gladly welcomed his word were baptized.”

(<440238>Acts 2:38, 41)
 

Q. 193. How are believers to be baptized?

A. They are to be baptized in water, in the name of the Father, the Son, and the

Holy Spirit.

Scr. “And straightway coming up from the water, He saw the heavens

opened, and the Spirit as a dove coming down upon Him.” (<410110>Mark

1:10) See also <430323>John 3:23; <402819>Matthew 28:19.
 

Q. 194. What is the mode of baptism?

A. Immersion, or dipping of the person wholly under water.

Scr. “And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the

water.” (<400316>Matthew 3:16)
 
CHAPTER 30
 

Q. 195. What is the Lord’s Supper?

A. The Lord’s Supper is a memorial of the sacrifice of Christ.

Scr. “Take, eat! This is My body, which is broken for you: this do in

remembrance of Me.” (<461124>1 Corinthians 11:24)
 

Q. 196. What are the benefits of the Lord’s Supper to believers?

A. They are made stronger in their faith, they are spiritually fed, they are

reminded of the debt they owe to Christ, and they are caused to renew their

promise of serving and worshipping Him.

Scr. “The cup of blessing which we bless — is it not the fellowship of

the blood of Christ? The bread which we break — is it not the

fellowship of the body of Christ?” (<461016>1 Corinthians 10:16) See also

<430653>John 6:53-57.
 

Q. 197. What are the elements used in the Lord’s Supper?

A. Bread and wine.

Scr. “Jesus taking the bread and blessing it, broke it and gave to the

disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And taking the cup, and

giving thanks, He gave it to them, saying, All of you drink of it.”

(<402626>Matthew 26:26, 27) See also <461123>1 Corinthians 11:23.
 

Q. 198. What do the elements of bread and wine signify?

A. They signify the body and blood of Christ.

Scr. “Take, eat: this is My body. … This cup is the new covenant in

My blood.” (1 Corinthians 11: 24, 25)
 

Q. 199. Who should partake of the Lord’s Supper?

A. Those who can spiritually receive and feed upon Christ crucified.

Scr. “Whoever shall eat this bread or shall drink the cup of the Lord in

a way that is not worthy, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the

Lord.” (<461127>1 Corinthians 11:27)
 

Q. 200. Can ungodly persons partake of the Lord’s Supper?

A. Not lawfully, for they are unworthy of the Lord’s table, and cannot feed

upon Him spiritually.

Scr. “For he that eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks

judgment to himself — not seeing through to the body of the Lord.”

(<461129>1 Corinthians 11:29)
 
CHAPTER 31
 

Q. 201. What happens to men when they die?

A. Their bodies return to the dust, but their souls do not die.

Scr. “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit

shall return unto God who gave it.” (<211207>Ecclesiastes 12:7) See also

<010319>Genesis 3:19; <210320>Ecclesiastes 3:20, 21.
 

Q. 202. Where do the souls of the righteous go?

A. They go to be with Christ.

Scr. “And Jesus said to him, Verily I say unto you, Today you shall be

with Me in paradise.” (<422343>Luke 23:43) See also <431724>John 17:24;

<421622>Luke 16:22.
 

Q. 203. Where do the souls of the wicked go?

A. They go to the place of torment and utter darkness.

Scr. “Then I beg you, father, … send him to the house of my father, for

I have five brothers — so that he may earnestly witness to them, that

they may not come to this place of torment also.” (<421628>Luke 16:28)
 

Q. 204. What happens on the Resurrection Day?

A. The righteous receive bodies like the body of Christ Jesus and become like

Him.

Scr. “It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.” (<461544>1

Corinthians 15:44) See also <500321>Philippians 3:21.
 

Q. 205. What happens to the wicked on Resurrection Day?

A. The wicked are raised in their own bodies.

Scr. “And crying out he said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and

send Lazarus that he may. dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool

my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.” (<421624>Luke 16:24) See also

<662012>Revelation 20:12-14.
 

Q. 206. Who shall stand before Christ to be judged on Judgment Day?

A. All men, both good and bad.

Scr. “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow, to Me, and every

tongue shall confess to God. So then every one of us shall give account

of himself to God.” (<451411>Romans 14:11, 12)
 

Q. 207. Who shall be the Righteous Judge?

A. Christ Jesus shall be the Judge.

Scr. “We shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.”

(<451410>Romans 14:10)
 

Q. 208. By what shall all men be judged?

A. They shall be judged by the word of God.

Scr. “He that rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has one that

judges him: the word which I spoke, that shall judge him in the last

day.” (<431248>John 12:48)
 

Q. 209. What shall be measured against the word of God?

A. Their thoughts, their words, and their deeds.

Scr. “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth,

and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil

continually.” (<010605>Genesis 6:5) See also <401519>Matthew 15:19;

<401237>Matthew 12:37.
 

Q. 210. What shall be the judgment of God upon the righteous?

A. They shall be judged as having the righteousness of Christ Jesus.

Scr. “So that He might present it to Himself: a glorious church, not

having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing, but that it might be holy and

blameless.” (<490527>Ephesians 5:27)
 

Q. 211. What shall they then receive?

A. They shall receive the fulness of joy which is in His presence.

Scr. “Thou wilt show me the path of life: in Thy presence is fulness of

joy; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for ever more.” (<191610>Psalm

16:10)
 

Q. 212. What shall be the judgment of the wicked?

A. They shall be cast into the Lake of Fire to be punished with everlasting

destruction and eternal torment.

Scr. “He also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God which is

poured out full strength in the cup of His anger — and he shall be

tormented in fire and brimstone in the sight of the holy angels, and in

the sight of the Lamb.” (<661410>Revelation 14:10) See also <661411>Revelation

14:11; <662012>Revelation 20:12-14.
 

Q. 213. When shall be the day of the coming of the Lord?

A. No man knows, but all men are commanded to watch and pray, and to be

forever prepared to say, Even so, Lord Jesus, come quickly.

Scr. “For you yourselves know perfectly well that the day of the Lord

comes just as a thief comes in the night.” (<520502>1 Thessalonians 5:2) See

also <421240>Luke 12:40, 46; <662220>Revelation 22:20